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Quantification of cardiac chamber size, ventricular mass and function ranks among the most clinically important and most frequently requested tasks of echocardiography. Over the last decades, echocardiographic methods and techniques have improved and expanded dramatically, due to the introduction of higher frequency transducers, harmonic imaging, fully(More)
The rapid technological developments of the past decade and the changes in echocardiographic practice brought about by these developments have resulted in the need for updated recommendations to the previously published guidelines for cardiac chamber quantification, which was the goal of the joint writing group assembled by the American Society of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the feasibility of measuring left atrial (LA) function with acoustic quantification (AQ) and then assess the effects of age and sex on LA reservoir, conduit, and booster pump function. PATIENTS AND SETTING 165 subjects without cardiovascular disease, 3-79 years old, were enrolled by six tertiary hospital centres. INTERVENTIONS(More)
AIMS Hand-held ultrasound devices will probably be used for bedside cardiac diagnoses by internists without formal training in echocardiography. We compared the accuracy of hand-held ultrasound devices studies performed by expert echocardiographers vs internal medicine residents with brief training in echocardiography. METHODS AND RESULTS Three internal(More)
BACKGROUND Presurgical planning of mitral valve (MV) repair in patients with Barlow disease (BD) and fibroelastic deficiency (FED) is challenging because of the inability to assess accurately the complexity of MV prolapse. We hypothesized that the etiology of degenerative MV disease (DMVD) could be objectively and accurately ascertained using parameters of(More)
BACKGROUND The Poiseuillian model of the arterial system currently applied in clinical physiology does not explain how arterial pressure is maintained during diastole after cessation of pulsatile aortic inflow. Arterial pressure-flow relations can be more accurately described by models that incorporate arterial viscoelastic properties such as arterial(More)
BACKGROUND Diastolic wall motion asynchrony is a major determinant of impaired left ventricular (LV) filling in patients with concentric hypertrophy and coronary artery disease. We evaluated the ability of Color Kinesis, a new echocardiographic technique that color-encodes endocardial motion, to quantitatively assess global and regional LV filling(More)
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DC) is a leading cause of cardiovascular morbidity, and nonpharmacological therapies, such as exercise training, have been suggested. The effects of exercise on left ventricular (LV) function and mortality remain controversial. Using a recently described murine model of DC, which involves a dominant-negative form of the cAMP response(More)
Objective—To assess the feasibility of measuring left atrial (LA) function with acoustic quanti-fication (AQ) and then assess the eVects of age and sex on LA reservoir, conduit, and booster pump function. Patients and setting—165 subjects without cardiovascular disease, 3–79 years old, were enrolled by six tertiary hospital centres. Interventions—Continuous(More)
The mechanisms by which variations in blood ionized calcium (Ca2+) influence systemic arterial pressures independent of changes in extracellular fluid volume, pH, and electrolytes are unknown. To study this issue, we dialyzed eight stable hemodialysis patients on three separate occasions during 1 week with dialysates differing only in calcium concentration.(More)