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The rapid technological developments of the past decade and the changes in echocardiographic practice brought about by these developments have resulted in the need for updated recommendations to the previously published guidelines for cardiac chamber quantification, which was the goal of the joint writing group assembled by the American Society of(More)
Quantification of cardiac chamber size, ventricular mass and function ranks among the most clinically important and most frequently requested tasks of echocardiography. Over the last decades, echocardiographic methods and techniques have improved and expanded dramatically, due to the introduction of higher frequency transducers, harmonic imaging, fully(More)
The use of ultrasound has developed over the last 50 years into an indispensable first-line test for the cardiac evaluation of symptomatic patients. The technologic miniaturization and improvement in transducer technology, as well as the implementation of educational curriculum changes in residency training programs and specialty practice, have facilitated(More)
Estimation of right atrial pressure (RAP) using echocardiographic measurement of the inferior vena caval (IVC) size along with its respirophasic variation is commonly performed despite the paucity of data that critically evaluates this technique. In this study, we systematically evaluated echocardiographic imaging of the IVC for estimation of RAP in 102(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to compare the value of serial assessment with hand-carried ultrasound (HCU) of the inferior vena cava (IVC) with brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) to identify patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) who will be readmitted or seek emergency department treatment after hospital discharge. BACKGROUND Congestive heart failure(More)
Accurate intravascular volume assessment is critical in the treatment of patients who receive chronic hemodialysis (HD) therapy. Clinically assessed dry weight is a poor surrogate of intravascular volume; however, ultrasound assessment of the inferior vena cava (IVC) is an effective tool for volume management. This study sought to determine the feasibility(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to demonstrate that direct current (DC) shocks to the heart generate free radicals. BACKGROUND Although it is a lifesaving maneuver, defibrillation is known to have myocardial toxicity. The mechanism of this toxicity is unknown. If DC shocks generate free radicals, free radicals could be a mechanism of myocardial injury. METHODS In(More)
BACKGROUND Diastolic wall motion asynchrony is a major determinant of impaired left ventricular (LV) filling in patients with concentric hypertrophy and coronary artery disease. We evaluated the ability of Color Kinesis, a new echocardiographic technique that color-encodes endocardial motion, to quantitatively assess global and regional LV filling(More)
BACKGROUND A directionally changing shock electrical vector could facilitate defibrillation by depolarizing myocytes with different orientations vis-à-vis the shock field. Such a changing vector can be achieved by a new waveform for transthoracic defibrillation: overlapping sequential pulses. Our purpose was to evaluate this waveform. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)