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A comparative risk assessment of burden of disease and injury attributable to 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease
This work estimated deaths and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to the independent effects of 67 risk factors and clusters of risk factors for 21 regions in 1990 and 2010 and calculated the burden attributable to each risk factor exposure compared with the theoretical-minimum-risk exposure. Expand
Woodsmoke Health Effects: A Review
This review examines the chemical and physical nature of woodsmoke; the exposures and epidemiology of smoke from wildland fires and agricultural burning, and related controlled human laboratory exposures to biomass smoke; the Epidemiology of outdoor and indoor woodsm smoke exposures from residential woodburning in developed countries; and the toxicology of woodSmoke, based on animal exposures and laboratory tests. Expand
The Lancet Commission on pollution and health
This book is dedicated to the memory of those who have served in the armed forces and their families during the conflicts of the twentieth century. Expand
An Integrated Risk Function for Estimating the Global Burden of Disease Attributable to Ambient Fine Particulate Matter Exposure
A fine particulate mass–based RR model that covered the global range of exposure by integrating RR information from different combustion types that generate emissions of particulate matter is developed. Expand
The Global Burden of Disease Due to Outdoor Air Pollution
Air pollution is associated with a broad spectrum of acute and chronic health effects, the nature of which may vary with the pollutant constituents, and particulate air pollution is consistently and independently related to the most serious effects, including lung cancer and other cardiopulmonary mortality. Expand
Solid Fuel Use for Household Cooking: Country and Regional Estimates for 1980–2010
Worldwide, the proportion of households cooking mainly with solid fuels is decreasing and the absolute number of persons using solid fuels, however, has remained steady globally and is increasing in some regions. Expand
Pollutant emissions and energy efficiency under controlled conditions for household biomass cookstoves and implications for metrics useful in setting international test standards.
Recommendations for developing potentially useful metrics for setting international standards are suggested for cookstove power, energy efficiency, and fuel use. Expand
Indoor air pollution from household use of solid fuels
This chapter summarizes the methodology used to assess the burden of disease caused by indoor air pollution from household use of solid fuels. Most research into and control of indoor air pollutionExpand
Millions dead: how do we know and what does it mean? Methods used in the comparative risk assessment of household air pollution.
It is estimated that in 2010 HAP was responsible for 3.9 million premature deaths and ∼4.8% of lost healthy life years (DALYs), ranking it highest among environmental risk factors examined and one of the major risk factors of any type globally. Expand