A comparative risk assessment of burden of disease and injury attributable to 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease…
Woodsmoke Health Effects: A Review
This review examines the chemical and physical nature of woodsmoke; the exposures and epidemiology of smoke from wildland fires and agricultural burning, and related controlled human laboratory exposures to biomass smoke; the Epidemiology of outdoor and indoor woodsm smoke exposures from residential woodburning in developed countries; and the toxicology of woodSmoke, based on animal exposures and laboratory tests.
The Lancet Commission on pollution and health
An Integrated Risk Function for Estimating the Global Burden of Disease Attributable to Ambient Fine Particulate Matter Exposure
- R. Burnett, C. Pope, A. Cohen
- Medicine, Environmental ScienceEnvironmental Health Perspectives
- 11 February 2014
A fine particulate mass–based RR model that covered the global range of exposure by integrating RR information from different combustion types that generate emissions of particulate matter is developed.
The Global Burden of Disease Due to Outdoor Air Pollution
- A. Cohen, H. Ross Anderson, Kirk R. Smith
- Environmental Science, MedicineJournal of Toxicology and Environmental Health…
- 1 July 2005
Air pollution is associated with a broad spectrum of acute and chronic health effects, the nature of which may vary with the pollutant constituents, and particulate air pollution is consistently and independently related to the most serious effects, including lung cancer and other cardiopulmonary mortality.
Human health: impacts, adaptation, and co-benefits
Indoor air pollution in developing countries and acute lower respiratory infections in children
There is an urgent need to conduct randomised trials to increase confidence in the cause-effect relationship, to quantify the risk more precisely, to determine the degree of reduction in exposure required to significantly improve health, and to establish the effectiveness of interventions.
Solid Fuel Use for Household Cooking: Country and Regional Estimates for 1980–2010
- S. Bonjour, Heather Adair-Rohani, Kirk R. Smith
- Environmental ScienceEnvironmental Health Perspectives
- 3 May 2013
Worldwide, the proportion of households cooking mainly with solid fuels is decreasing and the absolute number of persons using solid fuels, however, has remained steady globally and is increasing in some regions.
Pollutant emissions and energy efficiency under controlled conditions for household biomass cookstoves and implications for metrics useful in setting international test standards.
- J. Jetter, Yongxin. Zhao, M. Hays
- Environmental ScienceEnvironmental Science and Technology
- 17 September 2012
Recommendations for developing potentially useful metrics for setting international standards are suggested for cookstove power, energy efficiency, and fuel use.
Millions dead: how do we know and what does it mean? Methods used in the comparative risk assessment of household air pollution.
- Kirk R. Smith, N. Bruce, E. Rehfuess
- Environmental ScienceAnnual Review of Public Health
- 18 March 2014
It is estimated that in 2010 HAP was responsible for 3.9 million premature deaths and ∼4.8% of lost healthy life years (DALYs), ranking it highest among environmental risk factors examined and one of the major risk factors of any type globally.