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It has been argued that pain functions to facilitate recovery from injury and/or illness by stimulating recuperative behaviors. If this is the case, then hyperalgesia might be expected to be part of the constellation of adaptations that occur during sickness. The present series of studies tested two agents that induce illness (lithium chloride and bacterial(More)
Agents which induce symptoms of illness, such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS), cause diverse effects including hyperalgesia. While previous studies have examined central pathways mediating LPS hyperalgesia, the initial steps in activating this system remain unknown. Since LPS induces the release of various cytokines and eicosinoids from immune cells, the(More)
We have previously demonstrated that illness-inducing agents such as lithium chloride (LiCl) and the bacterial cell wall endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) produce hyperalgesia on diverse pain measures. The present series of studies attempted to identify the neurocircuitry mediating these effects. These studies have demonstrated that illness-inducing agents(More)
Quantitative measurements of the time course of calcium levels in experimental spinal cord trauma have been made. The injury was produced in rats by dropping a 10 g weight from 30 cm upon exposed dura-invested spinal cord. Lumbar sections of traumatized spinal cord and internal controls from remote cervical cord were excised and analyzed for calcium using(More)
Experimental spinal cord injury was produced in rats by dropping a 10 g weight from 30 cm upon dura-invested exposed spinal cord. Proteolytic activities at neutral (pH 7.6) and acid (pH 5.5 and 3.6) pH were determined in whole homogenate and the cytosolic fraction of the lesion (lumbar) and cervical control segments. The enzyme activity was monitored by(More)
We previously demonstrated a genetic basis in tomato for support of the growth of a biological control agent, Bacillus cereus UW85, in the spermosphere after seed inoculation (K. P. Smith, J. Handelsman, and R. M. Goodman, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96:4786-4790, 1999). Here we report results of studies examining the host effect on the support of growth of(More)
The use of trade or product names in this report is for identification purposes only and does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Geological Survey. 7. Theoretical contribution of the hydrogen and hydroxyl ions and populations (n =15,000) of pH measurements recorded at two highway-runoff monitoring stations (B619 and D492), Chemical concentration is(More)
Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Although this report is in the public domain, permission must be secured from the individual copyright owners to reproduce any copyrighted materials contained within this report. Distribution and migration of ordnance-related(More)
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