Kirk E Sperber

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OBJECTIVE To investigate the mechanisms and spectrum of the anti-HIV activity of chloroquine. DESIGN AND METHODS MT-4 cells or peripheral blood mononuclear cells were infected with X4, R5 or R5/X4 HIV-1 strains from clades A-E and HIV-2. The cells were then treated with clinically relevant and achievable chloroquine concentrations (i.e. 0-12.5 microM), so(More)
OBJECTIVE We tested the effects of chloroquine (CQ) on glycosylation of HIV particles and in combination with protease inhibitors (PIs) on HIV replication and on P-glycoprotein (P-gp)/multidrug resistance protein-1 (MRP1). DESIGN CD4 cell lines were infected with laboratory strains and peripheral blood mononuclear cells were infected with primary isolates(More)
BACKGROUND there is a dramatic need for drugs with anti-HIV-1 activity that are affordable for resource-poor countries. Chloroquine (CQ) is one such drug. OBJECTIVES to review the data indicating that CQ has anti-HIV-1 activity. RESULTS chloroquine (CQ) and its derivative hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) are endowed with a broad anti-HIV-1 activity inhibiting(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Secreted immunoglobulins play an integral role in host defense at mucosal surfaces, and recent evidence shows that IgG can participate in antigen sampling from the intestinal lumen. We examined whether IgE also could facilitate transepithelial antigen sampling. METHODS Stool samples from food-allergic patients undergoing oral food(More)
Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), an antimalarial agent used to treat patients with autoimmune diseases, has been shown to suppress human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) replication in T cells and monocytes in vitro by inhibiting posttranscriptional modification of the virus. An initial randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial conducted in 38(More)
We investigated accessory cell function, antigen (Ag) trafficking, and uptake of immune complexes in isolated nasal epithelial cells (NEC) and airway epithelial cells (AEC), as well as in the two respiratory epithelial cell lines A549 and BEAS-2B. The NEC and AEC were capable of supporting Ag-specific as well as phytohemagglutinin-induced and anti-CD3(More)
Accessory cell function of airway epithelial cells. We previously demonstrated that airway epithelial cells (AECs) have many features of accessory cells, including expression of class II molecules CD80 and CD86 and functional Fcgamma receptors. We have extended these studies to show that freshly isolated AECs have mRNA for cathepsins S, V, and H [proteases(More)
We have generated a series of human macrophage hybridomas by fusing an HGPRT-deficient promonocytic cell line, U937, with macrophages obtained by allowing monocytes to mature into macrophages in teflon bags. The fusions were documented as true hybrids by the acquisition of donor class I molecules, as well as donor derived macrophage surface antigens. The(More)
BACKGROUND Chloroquine has been reported to be endowed with anti-HIV-1 activity. We previously found its anti-HIV-1 activity to be additive to that of of the hydroxyurea plus didanosine combination. OBJECTIVES Here we wish to present reported data on chloroquine's effects other than its antiretroviral activity, that may be of benefit in the therapy of(More)
We present two cases of sarcoidosis complicated by HIV infection. Each case had a different level of sarcoidosis activity and coexisted with either an AIDS-related infection or a HIV-positive state. Manifestations of sarcoidosis were not apparent in the patient with the AIDS-defining opportunistic infection, but were active in the patient with asymptomatic(More)