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BACKGROUND Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve is widely used to evaluate virtual screening (VS) studies. However, the method fails to address the "early recognition" problem specific to VS. Although many other metrics, such as RIE, BEDROC, and pROC that emphasize "early recognition" have been proposed, there are no rigorous statistical guidelines(More)
A critical analysis of virtual screening results published between 2007 and 2011 was performed. The activity of reported hit compounds from over 400 studies was compared to their hit identification criteria. Hit rates and ligand efficiencies were calculated to assist in these analyses, and the results were compared with factors such as the size of the(More)
Enoyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) reductase, FabI, is a key enzyme in the bacterial fatty acid biosynthesis pathway (FAS II). FabI is an NADH-dependent oxidoreductase that acts to reduce enoyl-ACP substrates in a final step of the pathway. The absence of this enzyme in humans makes it an attractive target for the development of new antibacterial agents. FabI(More)
We previously developed two potent chemical classes that inhibit the essential papain-like protease (PLpro) of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus. In this study, we applied a novel approach to identify small fragments that act synergistically with these inhibitors. A fragment library was screened in combination with four previously developed lead(More)
A series of nitrofuranylamide and related aromatic compounds displaying potent activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis have been investigated utilizing 3-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D-QSAR) techniques. Comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) and comparative molecular similarity indices analysis (CoMSIA) methods were(More)
In an effort to develop new and more potent therapies to treat tuberculosis, a library of compounds was screened for M. tuberculosis UDP-Gal mutase inhibition. Nitrofuranylamide 1 was identified as a hit in this screen, possessing good antituberculosis activity. This paper describes the synthesis and evaluation of an expanded set of nitrofuranylamides. We(More)
We have developed a rigorous computational screening protocol to identify novel fragment-like inhibitors of N(5)-CAIR mutase (PurE), a key enzyme involved in de novo purine synthesis that represents a novel target for the design of antibacterial agents. This computational screening protocol utilizes molecular docking, graphics processing unit(More)
Dihydropteroate synthase (DHPS) is the target of the sulfonamide class of antibiotics and has been a validated antibacterial drug target for nearly 70 years. The sulfonamides target the p-aminobenzoic acid (pABA) binding site of DHPS and interfere with folate biosynthesis and ultimately prevent bacterial replication. However, widespread bacterial resistance(More)
A set of novel pantothenamide-type analogues of the known Staphylococcus aureus pantothenate kinase (SaPanK) inhibitors, N-pentyl, and N-heptylpantothenamide, was synthesized in three series. The first series of analogues (1-3) were designed as molecular probes of the PanK binding site to elucidate important structure-activity relationships (SAR). The(More)
Dihydropteroate synthase (DHPS) is a key enzyme in bacterial folate synthesis and the target of the sulfonamide class of antibacterials. Resistance and toxicities associated with sulfonamides have led to a decrease in their clinical use. Compounds that bind to the pterin binding site of DHPS, as opposed to the p-amino benzoic acid (pABA) binding site(More)