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Four protein-based genetic determinants or prions-[SWI(+)], [MCA], [OCT(+)], and [MOT3(+)]-are recent additions to the list of well-known Saccharomyces cerevisiae prions, [PSI(+)], [URE3], and [PIN(+)]. A rapid expansion of this list may indicate that many yeast proteins can convert into heritable prion forms and underscores a problem of prion input into(More)
The concept of "protein-based inheritance" defines prions as epigenetic determinants that cause several heritable traits in eukaryotic microorganisms, such as Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Podospora anserina. Previously, we discovered a non-chromosomal factor, [NSI+], which possesses the main features of yeast prions, including cytoplasmic infectivity,(More)
Two cytoplasmically inherited determinants related by their manifestation to the control of translation accuracy were previously described in yeast. Cells carrying one of them, [PSI(+)], display a nonsense suppressor phenotype and contain a prion form of the Sup35 protein. Another element, [PIN(+)], determines the probability of de novo generation of(More)
Collection of missense mutations in the SUP45 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encoding translation termination factor eRF1 has been obtained by different approaches. It has been shown that most of isolated mutations cause amino acid substitutions in the N-terminal part of eRF1 and do not decrease the eRF1 amount. Most of mutations studied do not abolish(More)
The efficiency of stop codons read-through in yeast is controlled by multiple interactions of genetic and epigenetic factors. In this study, we demonstrate the participation of the Hal3-Ppz1 protein complex in regulation of read-through efficiency and manifestation of non-Mendelian anti-suppressor determinant [ISP(+)]. Over-expression of HAL3 in [ISP(+)](More)
Triplex structure-forming GAA/TTC repeats pose a dual threat to the eukaryotic genome integrity. Their potential to expand can lead to gene inactivation, the cause of Friedreich's ataxia disease in humans. In model systems, long GAA/TTC tracts also act as chromosomal fragile sites that can trigger gross chromosomal rearrangements. The mechanisms that(More)
Yeast DNA polymerase ε (Pol ε) is a highly accurate and processive enzyme that participates in nuclear DNA replication of the leading strand template. In addition to a large subunit (Pol2) harboring the polymerase and proofreading exonuclease active sites, Pol ε also has one essential subunit (Dpb2) and two smaller, non-essential subunits (Dpb3 and Dpb4)(More)
The prion-like determinant [ISP+] manifests itself as antisuppressor of certain sup35 mutations. To establish that [ISP+] actually represents a new yeast prion, it is necessary to identify the gene encoding protein corresponding in its prion form to [ISP+]. Analysis of transformants obtained by transformation of [ISP+] strain with insertion gene library(More)
The eukaryotic translation termination factor eRF3 stimulates release of nascent polypeptides from the ribosome in a GTP-dependent manner. In most eukaryotes studied, eRF3 consists of an essential, conserved C-terminal domain and a nonessential, nonconserved N-terminal extension. However, in some species, this extension is required for efficient(More)
DNA polymerase ε (Pol ε) participates in the synthesis of the leading strand during DNA replication in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Pol ε comprises four subunits: the catalytic subunit, Pol2, and three accessory subunits, Dpb2, Dpb3 and Dpb4. DPB2 is an essential gene with unclear function. A genetic screen was performed in S. cerevisiae to isolate lethal(More)