Kirill S. Rayevsky

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A degradation of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic (DA-ergic) system is the key component of pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). Initial clinical symptoms appear 20-30 years after the onset of neurodegeneration, at a 70% DA depletion in the striatum and a 50% loss of nigral DA-ergic neurons. Low efficacy of the therapy might be improved if preclinical(More)
Brain microdialysis was used to investigate the effects of the putative dopamine D3 receptor agonist (+/-)-7-hydroxy-N,N-di-n-propyl-2-aminotetralin (7-OH-DPAT) on dopamine release, metabolism and synthesis in the dorsal striatum and nucleus accumbens of awake rats. The drug administered i.p. dose dependently decreased the release, metabolism and synthesis(More)
Dopamine D2-like receptor antagonists haloperidol, spiperone, clozapine, cis -( +)- (1S,2R)-5-methoxy-1-methyl-2-(n -propylamino)tetralin, ( +)-AJ76, cis -( +)- (1S,2R)-5-methoxy-1-methyl-2-(n -di-propylamino)tetralin, ( +)-UH232, and putative D3 dopamine receptor agonist ( +/-)- 7-hydroxy-N,N-di- n -propyl-2-aminotetralin, 7-OH-DPAT, were infused via a(More)
Transcerebral microdialysis was used to evaluate the effect of a psychostimulant drug, sydnocarb (3-(beta-phenylisopropyl)-N-phenylcarbamoylsydnonimine), on the extracellular levels of dopamine, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) in the dorsal striatum and nucleus accumbens of freely moving rats. Sydnocarb dose dependently(More)
The levels of dopamine (DA) was determined by intracerebral microdialysis in vivo in KM rats selected for high audiogenic epilepsy, and in Wistar rats selected for nonsusceptibility to loud sound. The basal level of dopamine was 25% higher in the KM rats (P < 0.05). A single amphetamine injection (1 mg/kg body weight, intraperitoneously) caused a(More)
To examine the mechanisms of tolcapone in the central nervous system (CNS), we analyzed alterations in parameters of striatal dopamine transmission induced by this drug (30 mg/kg) co-administered with the selective dopamine uptake inhibitor, GBR 12909 (10 mg/kg). Using microdialysis in freely moving rats, it was determined that combined administration of(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) content in rat cerebral cortex was measured using Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. A nearly fivefold elevation in NO content was found at the peak time of pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced seizures. The administration of N-nitro-l-arginine (L-NNA), a competitive inhibitor of NO-synthase, at the dose of 250 mg/kg, completely(More)
Microdialysis technique was used to compare the effects of four repeated intraperitoneal administrations of two psychostimulant drugs, D-amphetamine and sydnocarb, at the equimolar doses 5 and 23.8 mg/kg, respectively, on the extracellular level of dopamine (DA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and hydroxyl radicals (.OH) in the dorsal striatum of(More)
We studied the possible role of neurotoxicity in the d,l-amphetamine (AMPH)-induced release of acetylcholine (ACH) in the nucleus accumbens (Nac) and the involvement of endogenous NO in this process. For determination of ACH release the Nac was superfused using the push-pull-technique. NO was directly measured using the electron paramagnetic resonance(More)
The neurotoxic effects of psychostimulants are mediated by several mechanisms, which together lead to neuronal damage. These mechanisms include an increase in the extracellular content of dopamine, stimulation of dopamine oxidation, accumulation of extracellular glutamate, and an increase in body temperature. In the present study, the dopamine receptor(More)