Kiril K. Boev

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The aim of the present study was to characterize voltage-gated Ca2+ currents in smooth muscle cells freshly isolated from rat tail main artery in the presence of 5 mmol L(-1) external Ca2+. Calcium currents were identified on the basis of their voltage dependencies and sensitivity to nifedipine, Ni2+ and cinnarizine. In the majority of the cells studied, T-(More)
The effects of cyclopiazonic acid (CPA), a specific inhibitor of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase, on contractile activity of circular smooth muscle strips isolated from the antrum, corpus and fundus regions of the cat and guinea-pig stomach were studied. Contractile activity was recorded under isometric conditions, in organ baths. CPA, concentration(More)
The effect of the K(+)-channel opener cromakalim (BRL 34915) on the electrical and contractile activity of the smooth muscle of the cat gastric antrum has been studied. Cromakalim induced a concentration-dependent inhibition of the contractions and shortening of the sustained partial repolarization phase of the plateau action potential. High concentrations(More)
Carbon monoxide (CO) is well known as a relaxing substance in the vasculature, where it is released during the heme oxygenase (HO) reaction. Little is known about the tissue-specific targets of CO in smooth muscles. To date the functional role of CO in the coronary artery remains unclear. The expression of HO-2, the constitutive isoform of HO, but not of(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine whether cobalt poisoning induces haem oxidase isoenzyme-1 (HO-1) in coronary artery smooth muscle, or accounts for any changes in coronary smooth muscle cell (SMCs) membrane ionic currents that could result from this type of heavy metal poisoning. In SMCs isolated from cobalt-treated guinea-pig coronaries, K+(More)
The electromechanical coupling in the smooth muscles of cat stomach was studied in Ca2+-free solutions containing EGTA. The experiments were carried out on circular muscle strips from the corpus of cat stomach using the single sucrose gap technique. Complete disappearance of the spontaneous electrical and contractile activity of the muscle strips was(More)
K+ outward currents (I[K]) expressed by guinea-pig antral smooth muscle cells were studied using the whole-cell voltage-clamp technique. In about 88% of cells depolarization steps applied from Vh = -70 mV activated a fast transient component (I[K(to)]) with voltage-dependent characteristics, and a noninactivating component with slow activation kinetics(More)
The contractile activity of isolated smooth-muscle preparations of pulmonary artery and portal vein was recorded under isometric conditions and the changes in the membrane potential were recorded by the sucrose gap method. The replacement of Na+ by sucrose or cholinechloride ([Na+]o = 0) in the presence of phentolamine and atropine causes contraction of the(More)
Isosorbide-5-mononitrate and isosorbide-2-mononitrate, the metabolites of isosorbide dinitrate, were studied for their effects on the contractile and electrical activity and on the content of cyclic nucleotides in isolated heart muscles of guinea-pig and dog. Isosorbide-5-mononitrate at all concentrations tested and isosorbide-2-mononitrate at low(More)
Circular smooth muscle strips isolated from cat gastric fundus were studied in order to understand whether the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and SR Ca2+-ATPase could play a role in the regulation of the muscle tone. Cyclopiazonic acid (CPA), a specific inhibitor of SR Ca2+-ATPase, caused a significant and sustained increase in muscle tone, depending on the(More)