Kiran Nandalike

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OBJECTIVE The reasons why adenotonsillectomy (AT) is less effective treating obese children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) are not understood. Thus, the aim of the study was to evaluate how anatomical factors contributing to airway obstruction are affected by AT in these children. METHODS Twenty-seven obese children with OSAS (age 13.0 ± 2.3(More)
RATIONALE Mechanisms leading to obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in obese children are not well understood. OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to determine anatomical risk factors associated with OSAS in obese children as compared with obese control subjects without OSAS. METHODS Magnetic resonance imaging was used to determine the size of upper(More)
IMPORTANCE Limited information exists regarding clinical outcomes of children undergoing extracapsular tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (ETA) or intracapsular tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (ITA) for treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). OBJECTIVES To quantify polysomnography (PSG) and clinical outcomes of ETA and ITA in children with OSAS(More)
Fungi can exacerbate symptoms in patients with asthma. To our knowledge, genetic risk factors for fungal-associated asthma have not been described. We present here the cases of 6 children who carried the diagnosis of severe asthma with fungal sensitization, 3 of whom were treated with and responded clinically to itraconazole therapy. All 6 patients were(More)
People with severe asthma with fungal sensitization may represent an underdiagnosed subset of patients with refractory disease. It is important to know that such patients may benefit from adjunct treatment with antifungal agents. We describe here the case of a child with refractory asthma, persistent airway obstruction, a serum immunoglobulin E level of(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS To determine if adenotonsillar hypertrophy is an isolated factor in pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), or if it is part of larger spectrum of cervical lymphoid hypertrophy. STUDY DESIGN Prospective case control study. METHODS A total of 70 screened patients (mean age 7.47 years) underwent polysomnography to confirm OSA, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the polysomnography findings and cardiometabolic function among adolescent girls with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and matched female and male controls. METHOD Retrospective chart review of electronic medical records of 28 girls with PCOS (age: 16.8±1.9 years, body mass index (BMI) Z-score 2.4±0.4), 28 control females (age:(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence and clinical and metabolic correlates of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) in adolescent girls with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). STUDY DESIGN Standardized questionnaires were administered to participants with PCOS and age-, sex-, ethnicity-, and body mass index (BMI) z(More)
We report obstructive sleep apnea in a 3-year-old boy with tracheomalacia secondary to tracheotomy that resolved after placement of a metallic stent in the region of tracheomalacia. The tracheal location of obstruction during sleep in this case contrasts with the usual location in the pharynx or, less often, the larynx. This case also demonstrates the(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS To evaluate nasal resistance in obese children with and without obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), study the correlation between nasal resistance and severity of OSAS using the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), and examine the association of gender and body mass index (BMI) with this measurement. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective analysis.(More)