Kiran Lata Sharma

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BACKGROUND/AIM Degradation of the basement membrane and extracellular matrix by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is believed to be an essential step in the complicated process of hematogenous metastasis. Matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) is a small secreted proteolytic enzyme with a broad substrate specificity, and its expression has been shown to be(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM GBC is a lethal and multifaceted disease. Deleted in colorectal carcinoma (DCC) is a well known tumor suppressor gene. Recently a small genome-wide association study (GWAS) identified DCC to be significantly associated with gallbladder cancer (GBC) susceptibility in a Japanese population sample. However, the study sample size was small(More)
OBJECTIVE MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short regulatory RNAs that can modulate gene expression and function as negative regulators. Common genetic variants like single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in miRNA genes may alter their expression or maturation resulting in varied functional consequences in carcinogenesis. Therefore, we evaluated the genetic variants(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM PSCA is a tissue specific tumor suppressor or oncogene which has been found to be associated with several human tumors including gallbladder cancer. It is considered to be involved in the cell-proliferation inhibition and/or cell-death induction activity. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the role of PSCA gene polymorphisms in(More)
Gallbladder cancer (GBC) involves interplay of sex steroids, including estrogen and progesterone. Since CYP17 is a key enzyme involved in estrogen and testosterone hormone biosynthesis as well as in xenobiotic metabolism, it may be a potential candidate gene in the carcinogenesis of the gallbladder. Hence, the present study aimed to investigate the(More)
Liver X receptors (LXRs) α and β are ligand-activated transcription factors belonging to the family of nuclear receptors. LXRs play role in control of lipid homeostasis, glucose metabolism, inflammation, and proliferation. LXRs are expressed in gallbladder cholangiocytes and recent studies have shown that LXR-β −/− Mice exhibit an estrogen-dependent(More)
CD44 is an important marker for cancer stem cells. Germline variants in CD44 gene have been associated with susceptibility to breast and nasopharyngeal carcinomas but no study in gallbladder cancer (GBC) has been done yet. The present study included 405 GBC patients and 200 healthy controls from North India. Tagger SNPs for CD44 were selected from the GIH(More)
Intradural extramedullary metastases from tumours are a rare occurrence, accounting for less than 2 percent of all spinal metastases. We report a patient who presented with progressive paraparesis one and a half years after being operated for an poorly differentiated serous cystadenocarcinoma. Tumour mass decompression was carried out and the intradural(More)
Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is the most frequent biliary tract malignancy. Wide variations in GBC incidence and familial and epidemiological data suggest involvement of a genetic component in its etiopathogenesis. A systematic review of genetic association studies in GBC was performed by applying a meta-analysis approach and systematically reviewing PubMed(More)
Background MicroRNAs are small endogenously expressed short non-coding RNAs. They appear to be critical regulators of tumor biology as their aberrant expression is well characterized in cancer progression. The role of microRNA is not fully understood in gallbladder carcinoma, so in present study we investigated the role of miR-27a, miR-181a and miR-570(More)