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Ketamine exerts powerful anesthetic, psychotic, and antidepressant effects in both healthy volunteers and clinically depressed patients. Although ketamine targets particular glutamate receptors, there is a dearth of evidence for additional, alternative molecular substrates for the behavioral actions of this N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the survival of chick embryos after ethanol vapour exposure by noting the number of dead and alive embryos and comparing with age-matched controls. STUDY DESIGN Experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY Department of Anatomy at the regional centre of College of Physicians and Surgeons, Islamabad, from February 2006 to(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effects of ethanol vapour inhalation on the heart chambers of chick embryo. METHODS The case-control study was conducted at the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan regional centre in Islamabad from January to October 2007. Both experimental and control groups were divided into three subgroups each, based on the day of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To observe the effect of ethanol vapours on chick embryos regarding developmental defects and hatchability characteristics. METHODS An experimental study was performed in the Department of Anatomy at the Regional Center of College of Physicians and Surgeons, Islamabad, from February, 2006 to February, 2007. Chicken eggs after having been exposed(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effects of ethanol vapour exposure on development of atrial and ventricular septa of chick embryo. METHODS The experimental study was conducted at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Islamabad, from 2006 to 2007. The experimental and control groups were further divided into three subgroups based on the day of sacrifice. The(More)
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