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Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies have demonstrated white matter (WM) abnormalities in tracts involved in emotion processing in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but little is known regarding the nature and distribution of WM anomalies in relation to ASD trait severity in adults. Increasing evidence suggests that ASD occurs at the extreme of a(More)
This work shows that multi-fibre reconstruction techniques, such as Persistent Angular Structure (PAS) MRI or QBall Imaging, provide much more information than just discrete fibre orientations, which is all that previous tractography algorithms exploit from them. We show that the shapes of the peaks of the functions output by multiple-fibre reconstruction(More)
INTRODUCTION Huntington's disease (HD) is associated with progressive loss of caudate and white matter volume and integrity. Our aim was to systematically assess interactions between these changes and genetic markers of disease progression; we are not aware of previous studies in which this has been explicitly tested. METHODS Tract-based spatial(More)
Huntington's disease can be predicted many years before symptom onset, and thus makes an ideal model for studying the earliest mechanisms of neurodegeneration. Diffuse patterns of structural connectivity loss occur in the basal ganglia and cortex early in the disease. However, the organizational principles that underlie these changes are unclear. By(More)
Huntington's disease is an incurable neurodegenerative disease caused by inheritance of an expanded cytosine-adenine-guanine (CAG) trinucleotide repeat within the Huntingtin gene. Extensive volume loss and altered diffusion metrics in the basal ganglia, cortex and white matter are seen when patients with Huntington's disease (HD) undergo structural imaging,(More)
OBJECTIVE Biomarkers to monitor neurological dysfunction in Neuronopathic Gaucher disease (NGD) are lacking. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a technique which allows us to probe the microstructure of the white-matter of the brain, in-vivo. The aim of this study was to investigate the value of DTI to visualise and quantify white matter integrity in(More)
This chapter covers techniques for resolving multiple fibre populations in each voxel, as well as methods to exploit the information they recover. It begins by describing the limitations of DTI and the problems that complex white-matter configurations such as crossing fibre-populations and bending fibres present. It then goes on to describe multiple-tensor(More)
Box This chapter looks at the problem of crossing fibres in diffusion MRI of the brain. Diffusion tensor imaging only gives us a single fibre direction, but fibres within single image voxels can adopt complex configurations. In particular, fibre crossings cause problems in diffusion tensor imaging that can result in failure of tractography or misleading(More)
The growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor-1 axis plays a role in normal brain growth but little is known of the effect of growth hormone deficiency on brain structure. Children with isolated growth hormone deficiency (peak growth hormone <6.7 µg/l) and idiopathic short stature (peak growth hormone >10 µg/l) underwent cognitive assessment, diffusion(More)
BACKGROUND Neuropsychiatric symptoms in Huntington's disease (HD) are often evident prior to clinical diagnosis. Apathy is highly correlated with disease progression, while depression and irritability occur at different stages of the disease, both before and after clinical onset. Little is understood about the neural bases of these neuropsychiatric symptoms(More)