Learn More
We recently have demonstrated that EGF receptor (EGFR)-induced cell motility requires receptor kinase activity and autophosphorylation (P. Chen, K. Gupta, and A. Wells. 1994. J. Cell Biol. 124:547-555). This suggests that the immediate downstream effector molecule contains a src homology-2 domain. Phospholipase C gamma (PLC gamma) is among the candidate(More)
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC), the most common form of kidney cancer, initially has an asymptomatic clinical course; 25-30% of patients present with metastatic disease at time of diagnosis. Worldwide incidence and mortality rates are rising at a rate of approximately 2-3% per decade. Metastatic RCC (mRCC) is one of the most treatment-resistant malignancies;(More)
The EGF receptor (EGFR) upon activation signals increased cell movement. However, the domains within the receptor, and the pathway which trigger movement are undefined. We expressed EGFR mutants at physiologic levels in receptor-devoid NR6 cells to investigate this biologic response. The receptors possessed kinase activity and underwent autophosphorylation(More)
The geometry and caliber of the upper airway in apneic patients differs from those in normal subjects. The apneic airway is smaller and is narrowed laterally. Examination of the soft tissue structures surrounding the upper airway can lead to an understanding of these apneic airway dimensional changes. Magnetic resonance imaging was utilized to study the(More)
A current model of growth factor-induced cell motility invokes integration of diverse biophysical processes required for cell motility, including dynamic formation and disruption of cell/substratum attachments along with extension of membrane protrusions. To define how these biophysical events are actuated by biochemical signaling pathways, we investigate(More)
Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the treatment of choice for adults with obstructive sleep apnea. CPAP is known to increase upper airway size; however, the direct effects of CPAP on soft tissue structures surrounding the upper airway are less well understood. Magnetic resonance imaging was used to study the effect of incremental levels(More)
Wound healing is compromised in aging adults in part due to decreased responsiveness of fibroblasts to extracellular signals. However, the cellular mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are not known. Aged dermal fibroblasts with reduced remaining replicative capacities demonstrated decreased epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced cell migrative and cell(More)
To determine whether systolic regional wall deformation and motion, which may be used as an index of mechanical function, change with surgical intervention in patients with a functional single ventricle, a noninvasive magnetic resonance tagging technique was used to examine 33 such patients at all stages of Fontan reconstruction. The systolic motion of the(More)
The effects of respiration on upper airway caliber were studied using cine computed tomography (CT) in 15 normal subjects, 14 snorer/mildly apneic subjects, and 13 patients with obstructive sleep apnea. All subjects were scanned in the supine position during awake nasal breathing. Eight-millimeter-thick axial slices were obtained at four anatomic levels(More)
Affinity changes and avidity modulation both contribute to activation of beta(2)-integrin-mediated adhesion, an essential, early step in inflammation. Avidity modulation, defined as an increase in adhesiveness independent of integrin conformational changes, might be due to integrin clustering, motion, or both. Increased integrin diffusion upon leukocyte(More)