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The precise identity of a tumour's cell of origin can influence disease prognosis and outcome. Methods to reliably define tumour cell of origin from primary, bulk tumour cell samples has been a challenge. Here we use a well-defined model of MLL-rearranged acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) to demonstrate that transforming haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and(More)
We performed a scanning mutagenesis study of heavy chain complementarity-determining region (CDR) residues to identify how mutations affected binding of the anti-carcinoma mAb BR96 to Ag, Lewis Y, and to an anti-Id Ab (anti-Id). By ELISA, we demonstrated that the anti-Id bound close to the Ag binding site of BR96, but the anti-Id and Ag sites were not(More)
Rat and human natural killers (rtNK and huNK, respectively) were compared in quantitative antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) assays for their capacity to recognize mouse and rat IgG monoclonal antibodies (MAb) of different subclasses. NK from these two species exhibit considerably different patterns of IgG subclass recognition as determined by(More)
Ganglioside (GM1) modulation of CD4 off the surface of T lymphocytes defined functions of the CD4 molecule during signal transduction through the T cell receptor (TCR)/CD3 complex. Antibody cross-linking of CD3 alone (3 x 3) stimulated phospholipase C (PLC) activity, rapid Ca2+ flux, and protein phosphorylations in freshly isolated human T lymphocytes.(More)
Tumor cell of origin is an important prognostic measure but is challenging to assess. We recently demonstrated in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) that the chromatin landscape serves as a biomarker of transformed cell of origin. Thus, open chromatin loci offer important prognostic information as well as targets for development of novel therapies in cancer(More)
Declining immune function with age is associated with reduced lymphoid output of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Currently, there is poor understanding of changes with age in the heterogeneous multipotent progenitor (MPP) cell compartment, which is long lived and responsible for dynamically regulating output of mature hematopoietic cells. In this study, we(More)
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