Kira N Peterson

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Many human activities increase concentrations of major geochemical ions (Na+1 , K+1 , Ca+2 , Mg+2 , Cl-1 , SO4-2 , and HCO3-1 /CO3-2 ) in freshwater systems, and can thereby adversely affect aquatic life. Such effects involve several toxicants, multiple toxicity mechanisms, various ion interactions, and widely varying ion compositions across different water(More)
The ions Na+ , K+ , Ca2+ , Mg2+ , Cl- , SO42- , and HCO3- /CO32- (referred to in the present study as "major ions") are present in all freshwaters and physiologically required by aquatic organisms but can increase to harmful levels from a variety of anthropogenic activities. It is also known that the toxicities of major ion salts can vary depending on the(More)
Based on previous research on the acute toxicity of major ions (Na+ , K+ , Ca2+ , Mg2+ , Cl- , SO42- , and HCO3- /CO32- ) to Ceriodaphnia dubia, a mathematical model was developed for predicting the LC50 for any ion mixture, excepting those dominated by K-specific toxicity. One component of the model describes a mechanism of general ion toxicity to which(More)
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