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BACKGROUND Cognitive deficits are core features in schizophrenia. Disruption in cholinergic neurotransmission has been associated with executive dysfunction in animals and humans. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of compromised cholinergic pathways on executive versus non-executive cognitive functions of patients with schizophrenia. (More)
OBJECTIVE Primitive reflexes and parkinsonian signs are used by clinicians to differentiate among dementias. We reviewed our clinical sample to determine whether primitive reflexes were more prevalent in frontally-based dementias and whether parkinsonian signs were more common in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) than in other types of dementia. DESIGN We(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Automated, volumetrically defined atrophy in the left anterior cingulate (LAC) and anterior temporal regions (LAT) on MRI can be used to distinguish most patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD) from controls. FTD and Alzheimer's disease (AD) can differ in the degree of anterior temporal atrophy. We explored whether clinicians can(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether basal ganglia atrophy, known to be associated with apathy in nondementia populations, was associated with presence of apathy in patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD). METHODS A cross-sectional case study was conducted at two tertiary dementia care clinics in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Striatal and thalamic gray matter(More)
BACKGROUND The traditional view of Parkinson's disease (PD) as a motor disorder only treated by dopaminergic medications is now shifting to include non-pharmacologic interventions. We have noticed that patients with PD obtain an immediate, short-lasting benefit to mobility by the end of a dance class, suggesting some mechanism by which dancing reduces(More)
Syntactically and semantically anomalous words encountered during sentence comprehension are known to elicit dissociable electrophysiological responses, which are thought to reflect distinct aspects of language processing. However, the sources of these responses have not been well characterized. We used beamforming analysis of magnetoencephalography (MEG)(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effect of memantine on apathy, a common symptom of behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD). DESIGN The patient underwent an off-label trial of memantine with behavioral inventories and [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) scans performed at baseline, 7 weeks and 6 months. SUBJECT The patient(More)
The function of verbal short-term memory is supported not only by the phonological loop, but also by semantic resources that may operate on both short and long time scales. Elucidation of the neural underpinnings of these mechanisms requires effective behavioral manipulations that can selectively engage them. We developed a novel cued sentence recall(More)
Insular degeneration has been linked to symptoms of frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Presented in this case is a patient exhibiting semantic variant primary progressive aphasia, behavioral disturbance. Upon autopsy, he was found to have severe insular atrophy. In addition, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors were ineffective in reducing symptoms of(More)
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