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Unis is a nurse expert system prototype specifically designed to assist nurses caring for elderly, incontinent patients residing in nursing homes. Two studies measuring the performance level of UNIS were implemented. In the first study, results of sessions with UNIS on case studies of elderly, incontinent patients were compared to sessions with nurse(More)
Biological Scientists function in an increasingly data rich environment. The emerging field of bioinformatics is attempting to insure that this flow of information can be structured to support the generation of significant biological hypothesis and ultimately new knowledge. To date, most of the current databases have focused on protein and nucleic acid(More)
Injury data in the paper medical record are often inaccurate or lack adequate specificity to evaluate trauma patient care. To improve the quality of recorded injury data, we are testing a graphical, anatomic-based interface for quick collection of detailed injury information directly from the trauma physician. Navigation and data collection throughout the(More)
This paper is intended to give an overview of Knowledge Discovery in Large Datasets (KDD) and data mining applications in healthcare particularly as related to the Minimum Data Set, a resident assessment tool which is used in US long-term care facilities. The US Health Care Finance Administration, which mandates the use of this tool, has accumulated massive(More)
The design of Computerized Patient Record databases needs to be different depending on whether the focus of the database is transaction processing or analytical processing. Transaction processing includes the operational use of databases for single patient update during clinical encounters. Analytical processing includes cross-patient querying for research(More)
In order to maintain their performance in a dynamic environment , agents may be required to modify their learning behavior during run-time. If an agent utilizes a rule-based system for learning, new rules may be easily communicated to the agent in order to modify the way in which it learns. However, if an agent utilizes a connectionist-based system for(More)
This paper presents a prototype of an agent-based intelligent information systems architecture that can provide clinical decision support in a distributed, heterogeneous environment such as the Internet. After presenting the architecture, a specific transaction sequence is detailed and implemented to test the architecture. A transaction sequence is a(More)
  • K Canfield
  • 1995
This paper describes a methodology for using the knowledge in existing health care text corpora to prime intelligent split menus for provider data-entry. A split menu is one where the top portion of a menu list is organized by user-selection frequency and the bottom portion of the list is traditionally organized in alphabetical order. A simulation shows(More)
Clinical laboratories are beginning to apply the recent advances in molecular biology to the testing of patient samples. The emerging field of Molecular Diagnostics will require a new Molecular Diagnostics Laboratory Information System which handles the data types, samples and test methods found in this field. The system must be very flexible in regards to(More)
This paper presents a reengineered process that uses a markup language to do interorganizational data interchange between the participants in the US drug development process. The two major goals of this paper are to present (1) a detailed enough description of the reengineered version of this process that a practitioner will be able to use it and (2) a(More)