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PURPOSE The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) without a contrast agent to visualize the ablative margin after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), compared with enhanced CT. METHODS Twenty-five HCCs in 19 patients were treated by RFA. T1-weighted MRI was performed before and(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Cytokines and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are involved in tumor growth, invasion, and remote metastasis in various cancers. Recently, functional gene polymorphisms in these cytokines and MMPs have been found, and some reports have revealed an association between these polymorphisms and the prognosis of various cancers. In this study,(More)
Gemcitabine has been shown to ameliorate disease related symptoms and to prolong overall survival in pancreatic cancer.Yet, resistance to Gemcitabine is commonly observed in this tumour entity and has been linked to increased expression of anti-apoptotic bcl-2. We therefore investigated if and to what extend silencing of bcl-2 by specific siRNAs (siBCL2)(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative intra-abdominal septic complications are a serious concern with regard to postoperative morbidity and mortality in Crohn's disease. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to identify the clinical variables that potentially impact the risk of intra-abdominal septic complications in patients with Crohn's disease, as well al analyze the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) play an important role in the progression of liver fibrosis in addition to fibrogenesis. MMP-1, MMP-3, and MMP-9 gene polymorphisms have been shown to influence the transcriptional activity of their respective gene promoter in an allele-specific manner. The aim of this study was to examine the possible(More)
We investigated the effect of a novel histone deacetylase inhibitor, A-423378.0, on the colon carcinoma cell line HCT116 and genetically modified derivatives lacking either p21(cip1/waf1) or p53. HCT116 cell lines were incubated with A-423378.0 at different concentrations for 3-120 h. Cell viability, proliferation and apoptosis rates were determined and(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is highly resistant to chemotherapy, including gemcitabine (Gem) treatment. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous, non-coding, short RNAs that can regulate multiple genes expression. Some miRNAs play important roles in the chemosensitivity of tumors. Here, we examined the relationship between miRNA expression and the(More)
Inhibition of deacetylases represents a new treatment option for human cancer diseases. We applied the novel and potent pan-deacetylase inhibitor panobinostat (LBH589) to human hepatocellular carcinoma models and investigated by which pathways tumor cell survival is influenced. HepG2 (p53wt) and Hep3B (p53null) responded to panobinostat treatment with a(More)
The prognosis of advanced pancreatic cancer is poor. Established chemotherapy shows only limited efficacy and significant side effects. We investigated how far a combination of trichostatin A (TSA) and gemcitabine synergizes to inhibit proliferation and promotion of apoptosis of pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells in vitro. The human pancreatic carcinoma cells(More)
OBJECTIVE Sonographically guided radiofrequency ablation is usually one of the most effective treatments for hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the localization of the tumor is a major limiting factor in the use of a sonographically guided procedure. In our experience, sonographic examination with artificial pleural effusion has improved the visualization(More)