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OBJECTIVE The present study was undertaken to explore the relationship between the characteristic geometry of aneurysms prone to rupture and the blood flow patterns therein, using microsurgically produced aneurysms that simulated human middle cerebral artery aneurysms in scale and shape. METHODS We measured in vivo velocity profiles using our 20-MHz,(More)
OBJECT Because arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in the basal ganglia and thalamus are difficult to treat, the authors conducted a retrospective study to determine the best management strategy for these lesions. METHODS The authors reviewed the management and outcome in 101 patients with AVMs treated between 1971 and 1995. In 15 conservatively treated(More)
Ninety-two patients with pituitary adenomas have been treated during the last 5 years. Sixty-three of these patients had more than 6 months follow-up, and they form the basis of this report. Eighteen had non-functioning adenomas (NFA), and 36 had functioning adenomas (FA). The mean marginal dose was 22.5 Gy (NFA 19.5 Gy, FA 23.9 Gy). Control of tumor growth(More)
Hemorrhage from brain tumor was confirmed clinically, surgically, or on autopsy in 94 of 1861 cases (5.1%) treated during the past 18 years: 49 of 311 pituitary adenomas (15.8%) and 45 of 1550 other brain tumors (2.9%). The higher incidence of hemorrhage from pituitary adenoma was statistically significant (p less than 0.001). In brain tumors other than(More)
The authors analyzed 153 cases of histologically verified intracranial germ cell tumors. The histological diagnosis was germinoma in 63 patients (41.2%), teratoma in 30 (19.6%), and other types of tumors in 60 patients (39.2%). The patients were treated by a consistent policy of surgical removal with histological verification followed by radiation therapy(More)
With the cooperation of 60 neurosurgical centers in Japan, a prospective randomized placebo-controlled double-blind trial of a new calcium antagonist AT877 (hexahydro-1-(5-isoquinolinesulfonyl)-1H-1,4-diazepine hydrochloride, or fasudil hydrochloride) was undertaken to determine the drug's effect on delayed cerebral vasospasm in patients with a ruptured(More)
Little is known about the pathology and pathogenesis of the rupture of intracranial aneurysms. For a better understanding of the molecular processes involved in intracranial aneurysm (IA) formation we performed a gene expression analysis comparing ruptured and unruptured aneurysm tissue to a control artery. Tissue samples of six ruptured and four unruptured(More)
Sub-analysis of the fasudil post-marketing surveillance study compared the safety and efficacy of fasudil plus ozagrel to fasudil only. A total of 3690 patients received fasudil and 1138 received fasudil plus ozagrel between 1995 and 2000. The occurrence of adverse events, occurrence of low density areas associated with vasospasm on computed tomography,(More)
The objective of the present retrospective study was evaluation of results of "robotic microradiosurgery" of pituitary adenomas invading the cavernous sinus. Eighty-nine patients with such tumors underwent management using Leksell Gamma Knife model C with automatic positioning system. There were 77 residual and 12 recurrent neoplasms. The applied(More)