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OBJECTIVES This study sought to compare the safety, efficacy and clinical utility of the Amplatzer septal occluder (ASO) for closure of secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) with surgical closure. BACKGROUND The clinical utility of a device such as the ASO can only be judged against the results of contemporaneous surgery. METHODS A multicenter,(More)
This paper summarizes the proceedings of an NIAID-sponsored workshop on statistical issues for HIV surrogate endpoints. The workshop brought together statisticians and clinicians in an attempt to shed light on some unresolved issues in the use of HIV laboratory markers (such as HIV RNA and CD4+ cell counts) in the design and analysis of clinical studies and(More)
Two experiments were conducted to examine the relative precision of bone densitometry and bone ash methodologies as response criteria in measurement of bioavailability of phosphorus from various supplements for turkeys. Multivariate analyses of variance were used to analyze data collected. Coefficients of correlation and variation and F ratios were used for(More)
This case-control study used the National Crime Victimization Survey database (a national sample of housing addresses) to examine sociodemographic risk factors for becoming a victim of work-related robbery and assault. Cases (N = 267) reported having been violently victimized in the previous 6 months. Controls (N = 1,783) were chosen from all nonvictims of(More)
The objective of the study was to determine whether, under controlled conditions, bedding materials vary in their ability to support growth of different environmental pathogens independent of the presence of feces, urine, or other contamination. Five sterilized bedding materials (fine hardwood chips, recycled dried manure, chopped newspaper, softwood(More)
As part of its assessment of the health risks associated with exposure to particulate matter (PM), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency analyzed the risks associated with current levels, and the risk reductions that might be achieved by attainment of alternative PM standards, in two locations in the United States, Philadelphia, and Los Angeles. The(More)
Guar gum, a dietary fiber known to improve glucose tolerance, was fed to rats with established diabetes to determine its effect on renal enlargement and microalbuminuria. Diabetic rats were fed a modified AIN-76A (basal) diet for 4 wk, at which time half the rats continued to receive the same basal diet (DB-BA group) and half were switched to a 5% guar gum(More)
Many persons with HIV require and take several medications. The efficacy and safety of many of these medications are uncertain. Usually limited data on drug interactions are available. Thus simultaneous and sequential enrolment of patients into multiple studies is desired for reasons of science and efficiency. This paper discusses the analysis of data(More)
One hundred seventy-two undergraduate women responded to twelve sets of stimuli consisting of a constant jacket silhouette varying proportionally in components of lapel, yoke, and pocket details. Using a 9-point scale in Likert format, the subjects were asked to respond to questions comparing the jacket stimuli of each set in terms of same/different,(More)