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We describe the genetic and kinetic defects for a low-affinity fast channel disease of the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) that causes a myasthenic syndrome. In two unrelated patients with very small miniature end plate (EP) potentials, but with normal EP AChR density and normal EP ultrastructure, patch-clamp studies demonstrated infrequent AChR channel(More)
Yeast carries a strictly conserved branch point sequence (BPS) of UACUAAC, whereas the human BPS is degenerative and is less well characterized. The human consensus BPS has never been extensively explored in vitro to date. Here, we sequenced 367 clones of lariat RT-PCR products arising from 52 introns of 20 human housekeeping genes. Among the 367 clones, a(More)
In a myasthenic syndrome associated with fatigable generalized weakness and recurrent attacks of respiratory and bulbar paralysis since birth, nerve stimulation at physiologic rates rapidly decremented the compound muscle action potential. Intercostal muscle studies revealed no abnormality of the resting membrane potential, evoked quantal release, synaptic(More)
The term myofibrillar myopathy (MFM) was proposed in 1996 as a non-committal term for a pathological pattern of myofibrillar dissolution associated with accumulation of myofibrillar degradation products and ectopic expression of multiple proteins that include desmin, alphaB-crystallin (alphaBC), dystrophin and congophilic amyloid material. Subsequent(More)
We describe the kinetic consequences of the mutation N217K in the M1 domain of the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) alpha subunit that causes a slow channel congenital myasthenic syndrome (SCCMS). We previously showed that receptors containing alpha N217K expressed in 293 HEK cells open in prolonged activation episodes strikingly similar to those observed at(More)
Therapeutic effects of molecular hydrogen for a wide range of disease models and human diseases have been investigated since 2007. A total of 321 original articles have been published from 2007 to June 2015. Most studies have been conducted in Japan, China, and the USA. About three-quarters of the articles show the effects in mice and rats. The number of(More)
Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMSs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders in which the safety margin of neuromuscular transmission is impaired by one or more specific mechanisms. CMSs can be identified by generic criteria that include myasthenic symptoms that worsen with activity. These myasthenic symptoms commonly appear from birth or early childhood ,(More)
FUS is an RNA-binding protein that regulates transcription, alternative splicing, and mRNA transport. Aberrations of FUS are causally associated with familial and sporadic ALS/FTLD. We analyzed FUS-mediated transcriptions and alternative splicing events in mouse primary cortical neurons using exon arrays. We also characterized FUS-binding RNA sites in the(More)
We describe and functionally characterize six mutations of the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) ε subunit gene in three congenital myasthenic syndrome patients. Endplate studies demonstrated severe endplate AChR deficiency, dispersed endplate regions and well preserved junctional folds in all three patients. Electro-physiologic studies were consistent with(More)
In five members of a family and another unrelated person affected by a slow-channel congenital myasthenic syndrome (SCCMS), molecular genetic analysis of acetylcholine receptor (AChR) subunit genes revealed a heterozygous G to A mutation at nucleotide 457 of the alpha subunit, converting codon 153 from glycine to serine (alpha G153S). Electrophysiologic(More)