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Changes in tetrodotoxin (TTX) content of the puffer fish Takifugu rubripes during seed production were examined. Two mature female puffer fish T. rubripes (samples 1 and 2) that contained TTX were used. The toxic eggs were artificially fertilized, and hatchlings were reared in an indoor tank for 50 days and then in a netcage at sea for an additional 48 or(More)
The effects of rearing temperature (23–29 °C) during the larval and juvenile stage on survival, growth and skeletal malformations in the seven-band grouper Epinephelus septemfasciatus were investigated. The survival rate of juveniles 30–40 mm in total length emerging from eggs was higher at 25 and 26 °C (0.1–1.3 %) than at 23 °C or 27–29 °C (0.004–1.5 %).(More)
The distributions and recoveries of the hemolytic activities and quantities of protein of complement components during cold ethanol fractionation were studied. Most of the components were recovered in Cohn's fraction III, with slight activities in fractions I and IV. The hemolytic activities of C1 and C5 were recovered in high yields in fraction III. The(More)
Serum depleted of the first component of complement (C1D) was prepared by treating fresh human serum with Sepharose-IgG in the presence of triethylenetetramine-N,N,N',N'',N''',N'''-hexa-acetic acid and di-isopropyl fluorophosphate at acidic pH (5.2). The total hemolytic activity of this C1D could be increased to approximately 75% of that of the original(More)
For studying autonomous circadian rhythms of proteins in organisms, various mathematical models have been proposed. In this study, we have investigated bifurcations of periodic oscillations observed in circadian models incorporating the effect on a light-dark cycle and show that the waveform of the periodic variation in the light-induced parameter has a(More)
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