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The aim of the study was to assess the role of salicylic acid (SA) and abscisic acid (ABA) in osmotic stress tolerance of wheat seedlings. This was accomplished by determining the impact of the acids applied exogenously on seedlings grown under osmotic stress in hydroponics. The investigation was unique in its comprehensiveness, examining changes under(More)
In this study, the seedlings of two wheat cultivars were used: drought-resistant Chinese Spring (CS) and drought-susceptible (SQ1). Seedlings were subjected to osmotic stress in order to assess the differences in response to drought stress between resistant and susceptible genotype. The aim of the experiment was to evaluate the changes in physiological and(More)
Relatively little is known of the genetic control of chlorophyll fluorescence (CF) and pigment traits important in determining efficiency of photosynthesis in wheat and its association with biomass productivity. A doubled haploid population of 94 lines from the wheat cross Chinese Spring × SQ1 was trialled under optimum glasshouse conditions for 4 years to(More)
Production of doubled haploid (DH) cereals is becoming increasingly important in crop breeding programs, but the methods currently applied still remain inefficient. In this study, we present the procedure for obtaining haploid and DH oat plants by pollination with maize. Thirty-three oat genotypes were used in the experiments. Oat plants (14,543 florets)(More)
The study aimed at evaluating the response of common plum (Prunus domestica L.) microshoots during in vitro rooting in the presence of two phytoactive medium supplements, i.e. a dialyzate of pineapple pulp and a conditioned medium containing green algae Desmodesmus subspicatus exudates. Rooting efficiency was evaluated after 4 weeks of culture. During the(More)
The relationships between the level of chlorophyll a, and the content of soluble carbohydrates, phenolics and low molecular antioxidants in the leaves of three oilseed winter rape varieties with different resistance to Leptosphaeria maculans were determined. During pathogenesis, an increase in the content of chlorophyll a in the resistant and(More)
BACKGROUND Long-stemmed and semi-dwarf cultivars of triticale were exposed to water stress at tillering, heading and anthesis stage. Quantitative determination of free and cell wall-bound polyamines, i.e. agmatine, cadaverine, putrescine, spermidine and spermine, was supplemented with an analysis of quantitative relationships between free and cell(More)
Cell wall-bound phenolics (CWP) play an important role in the mechanisms of plant acclimation to soil drought. The study involved CWP analyses in 50 strains and 50 doubled haploid (DH) lines of winter triticale exposed to drought at their vegetative and generative stages. CWP in the plants experiencing drought at the generative stage positively correlated(More)
The present study aimed at identifying the regions of triticale genome responsible for cell wall saturation with phenolic compounds under drought stress during vegetative and generative growth. Moreover, the loci determining the activity of the photosynthetic apparatus, leaf water content (LWC) and osmotic potential (Ψ o) were identified, as leaf hydration(More)
Obtaining oat DH lines is only effective via wide crossing with maize. Seven hundred haploid embryos from 21 single F1 progeny obtained from wide crosses with maize were isolated, divided into four groups according to their size (<0.5 mm, 0.5–0.9 mm, 1.0–1.4 mm, and ≥1.5 mm), and transferred into 190–2 regeneration medium with different growth regulators:(More)