Learn More
The excitatory neurotransmitter, glutamate, is particularly important in the transmission of pain information in the nervous system through the activation of ionotropic and metabotropic glutamate receptors. A potent, subtype-selective antagonist of the metabotropic glutamate-5 (mGlu5) receptor, 2-methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)-pyridine (MPEP), has now been(More)
This study describes the first known model of bone cancer pain in the rat. Sprague-Dawley rats receiving intra-tibial injections of syngeneic MRMT-1 rat mammary gland carcinoma cells developed behavioural signs indicative of pain, including: mechanical allodynia, difference of weight bearing between hind paws and mechanical hyperalgesia. The development of(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that the metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGlu5 receptor) is expressed in the cell bodies of rat primary afferent neurones. We have further investigated the function and expression of mGlu5 receptors in primary afferent neurones, and their role in inflammatory nociception. Freund's complete adjuvant-induced(More)
Inflammatory processes occurring within the central nervous system (CNS) can produce 'illness induced behaviours' which include fever, sleep and the development of allodynia and hyperalgesia. Here we demonstrate the effects of the pro-inflammatory mediators, bacterial endotoxin, and rat recombinant interleukin 1 beta (rrIL-1 beta) or tumour necrosis(More)
Kinins, including bradykinin and kallidin, are peptides that are produced and act at the site of tissue injury or inflammation. They induce a variety of effects via the activation of specific B1 or B2 receptors that are coupled to a number of biochemical transduction mechanisms. In the periphery the actions of kinins include vasodilatation, increased(More)
The effects of intrathecal galanin on the activity of single wide dynamic range (WDR) spinal dorsal horn neurones were analyzed in anaesthetized adult rats. Abeta-, Adelta- and C-fibres were activated by transcutaneous electrical stimulation which also induced wind-up and post-discharge. Galanin dose-dependently (0. 15-15 nmol/50 microl) enhanced Adelta-and(More)
The anti-nociceptive and locomotor effects of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) agonists (+)-epibatidine and ABT-594 were compared in the rat. Acute thermal nociception was measured using the tail flick test. Mechanical hyperalgesia was measured as paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) in response to a mechanical stimulus in two animal models of(More)
The present study investigated the development of thermal and mechanical hyperalgesia following intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injections of E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Hind paw withdrawal to von Frey filament stimulation and thermal withdrawal latencies were measured before and up to 24 or 48 h following an i.c.v. injection of LPS (dose range:(More)
Lung cancer continues to be the leading cause of cancer death in developed countries. With smoking the major etiological factor for lung cancer, there is a great need for the development of chemopreventive treatments that inhibit the progression of initiated cells and premalignant lesions into overt lung cancer in smokers who quit. Although the major focus(More)