Kindra M. Kelly

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Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by the production of autoantibodies to certain cellular macromolecules, such as the small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particles (snRNPs), which had been considered to be passive targets of the autoimmune response. SLE is also characterized by the increased expression of type I(More)
Lymphoid neogenesis is associated with antibody-mediated autoimmune diseases such as Sjogren's syndrome and rheumatoid arthritis. Although systemic lupus erythematosus is the prototypical B-cell-mediated autoimmune disease, the role of lymphoid neogenesis in its pathogenesis is unknown. Intraperitoneal injection of 2,6,10,14-tetramethyl-pentadecane (TMPD,(More)
Regulatory T cells (Tregs), including natural CD4+CD25+ Tregs and inducible IL-10 producing T regulatory type 1 (T(R)1) cells, maintain tolerance and inhibit autoimmunity. Recently, increased percentages of Tregs have been observed in the blood of septic patients, and ex vivo-activated Tregs were shown to prevent polymicrobial sepsis mortality. Whether(More)
Astrocyte inflammation, reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation, and dysfunction form a common denominator shared by all the major neurodegenerative disorders. Viral infections are emerging as important events in the etiology of CNS damage involving astrocytes, but molecular understanding is incomplete. Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) is a byproduct of viral(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE s: The impairment of cardiac contractility during endotoxemia involves induction of nitric oxide formation through a cascade of events initiated by overexpression of proinflammatory cytokines. We previously showed that hypothermia attenuates endotoxin-induced overexpression of nitric oxide in rat lungs. In the present study, we tested the(More)
OBJECTIVE Most lupus patients produce autoantibodies against small ribonucleoproteins such as Sm/RNP and Ro 60 (containing U1 and Y1-Y5 RNAs, respectively). We undertook this study to investigate whether the RNA components of these antigens, which contain extensive tracts of single- and double-stranded RNA, signatures of viral infection, activate innate(More)
1 Coley Pharmaceutical GmbH, 40764 Langenfeld, Germany 2 Institute for Medical Microbiology, Hygiene and Immunology, D-81675 Munich, Germany 3 Department of Host Defense, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan 4 ERATO, Japan Science and Technology Corporation, Osaka 565-0047, Japan 5 Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology,(More)
Lupus patients selectively produce autoantibodies against nucleoproteins. Since the RNA/DNA components of these autoantigens are endogenous TLR ligands capable of stimulating Type I interferon (IFN-I) production, we asked whether autoantibodies against the ribonucleoproteins Sm/RNP and Ro60 and double-stranded DNA are associated with high levels of IFN-I.(More)
Statins possess anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties beyond their cholesterol-lowering effects. To determine whether short-term atorvastatin treatment affects the acute phase and humoral immune responses to tetanus toxoid (TT) in normal healthy volunteers, we conducted a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled trial. Twenty healthy(More)
The role of interferon alpha/beta (IFN) induction by the immunomodulators pICLC and CL246,738 was investigated in CD-1 mice infected with murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) or herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). Mice were treated with either normal sheep serum or anti-alpha/beta IFN antiserum, inoculated with the immunomodulators, and infected with virus.(More)
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