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Two-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrates apical support and vaginal length contribute to anterior wall prolapse (AWP). This paper describes a novel three-dimensional technique to(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined structural relationships between anterior mesh kit suspension points and the upper vagina in women with normal support. STUDY DESIGN Eleven women with normal support underwent(More)
In cystoceles, the distal anterior vaginal wall (AVW) bulges out through the introitus and is no longer in contact with the posterior vaginal wall or perineal body, exposing the pressure differential(More)