Kinari Akiba

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Chromobacterium violaceum is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes fatal septicaemia in humans and animals. C. violaceum ATCC 12472 possesses genes associated with two distinct type III secretion systems (T3SSs). One of these systems is encoded by Chromobacterium pathogenicity islands 1 and 1a (Cpi-1/-1a), another is encoded by Chromobacterium pathogenicity(More)
The type III secretion system (T3SS) encoded by Chromobacterium pathogenicity islands 1 and 1a (Cpi-1/-1a) is critical for Chromobacterium violaceum pathogenesis. T3SS-dependent virulence is commonly characterized by type III effector virulence function, but the full repertoire of the effector proteins of Cpi-1/-1a T3SS is unknown. In this study, we showed(More)
PURPOSE (1) To investigate the effect of elevated extracellular glucose on migration, proliferation, and the activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) of SV40-transformed human corneal epithelial cells (HCEC). (2) To examine MMP activity in wounded corneal epithelium in diabetic rats. METHODS HCEC were cultured in media containing 5.5 mM or 31.2 mM(More)
A new affinity chromatography (hydrophobic-mediated affinity chromatography), which was characterized by the matrix having both affinity site to urokinase and hydrophobic site, was established for the purification of urokinase from human urine. The hydrophobic affinity matrix (tentatively named PAS in the text) was prepared by immobilizing 6-aminocaproic(More)
The indirect immunofluorescent antibody technique was applied to detection of antigens of different developmental stages of Leucocytozoon caulleryi and antibodies in the sera of chickens infected with L. caulleryi by using second generation merozoite and gametocyte antigens. Zygotes, ookinetes and sporozoites in midges, and second generation merozoites and(More)
Sporozoites of Leucocytozoon caulleryi were inoculated into specific-pathogen-free (SPF) chickens intravenously. Fourteen days after inoculation, the infected blood, parasitized with second generation merozoites, was collected from the chickens. The blood was then suspended in SPF chicken serum or RPMI-1640 culture medium supplemented with 20% SPF chicken(More)
Gametocytes of Leucocytozoon caulleryi were found again in two chickens from the peripheral blood of which they had been detected in the previous year. It was discussed from the results of agar gel precipitation tests whether these chickens were involved in the reinfection or the relapse of this organism.