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BACKGROUND Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is the most serious complication of peritoneal dialysis, having high morbidity and mortality. To improve outcomes, early diagnosis is needed to direct treatment during the early inflammatory phase. However, in the early inflammatory phase, clinical features are nonspecific, and no reliable diagnostic(More)
Plasmapheresis remains the main treatment modality for patients with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. We report a patient who had simultaneous onset of membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. She did not improve after 48 plasmapheresis sessions. A 6-week course of weekly intravenous doses of rituximab was then(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains a major issue among dialysis patients. It is associated with a high risk of hepatic complication. The liver disease runs a unique clinical course in dialysis patients, as it can progress with modest hepatic inflammation and prominent fibrosis. The conventional cut-off level of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT)(More)
OBJECTIVE Fungal peritonitis (FP) is a serious complication of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), being associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The role of nystatin prophylaxis during antibiotic therapy in the prevention of FP remains controversial, especially in programs with a modest or low baseline FP rate. The aim of the(More)
We report 9 cases of exit-site infection and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis peritonitis associated with atypical mycobacteria. All patients had been using topical gentamicin cream as prophylaxis for exit-site infection before the onset of these infections. Gentamicin cream is postulated to be a potential risk factor for atypical mycobacterial(More)
OBJECTIVE Hyperglycolic hyperoxaluria is an important biochemical diagnostic hallmark for primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1). Biochemical work-up on urinary specimens becomes impossible after the development end-stage renal failure and anuria. We studied the diagnostic value of determining glycolic acid content in peritoneal dialysate effluent in PH1. (More)
UNLABELLED ♦ BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Catheter-related infection, namely exit-site infection (ESI) and peritonitis, is a major infectious complication and remains a main cause of technique failure for patients receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD). Topical application of antibiotic cream might reduce catheter-related infection but emergence of resistant or(More)
There was a major outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) affecting more than 300 patients occurring in a private housing estate in Hong Kong, in which an infected renal patient was suspected to be the primary source. It is unknown whether renal patients would represent a distinct group of patients who share some characteristics that could(More)
BACKGROUND Primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1), an inherited cause of nephrolithiasis, is due to a functional defect of the liver-specific peroxisomal enzyme alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase (AGT). A definitive PH1 diagnosis can be established by analyzing AGT activity in liver tissue or mutation analysis of the AGXT gene. METHODS The molecular basis of(More)
Vibrio vulnificus is a marine bacterium and opportunistic human pathogen. Associated infections have contributed to the majority of seafood-related deaths in the United States. In patients with such predisposed clinical conditions as chronic liver disease, immunocompromised state, and end-stage renal disease, this organism has been associated with the(More)