Kin-Hing William Lau

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This study sought to assess the role of several signaling pathways in the fluid flow shear stress-induced proliferation and differentiation of normal human osteoblasts. We evaluated the effects of an effective dose of selective inhibitors of the extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) pathway (PD98059 and U0126), the nitric oxide synthase pathway(More)
In order to develop a successful gene therapy system for the healing of bone defects, we developed a murine leukemia virus (MLV)-based retroviral system expressing the human bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) 4 transgene with high transduction efficiency. The bone formation potential of BMP4 transduced cells was tested by embedding 2.5 x 10(6) transduced(More)
This study evaluated if melatonin would increase bone mass in mice. Four groups of 4-week-old male ddy mice received daily injections of vehicle or 1, 5, or 50 mg/kg of melatonin, respectively, for 4 weeks. Treatment with 5 mg/kg per day or 50 mg/kg per day of melatonin significantly increased bone mineral density (BMD; by 36%, p < 0.005) and bone mass(More)
This study evaluated the role of osteocyte-derived insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) in developmental bone growth by assessing the bone phenotype of osteocyte Igf1 conditional knockout (KO) mice, generated by crossing the Dmp1-driven Cre-expressing transgenic mice with Igf1 floxed mice containing loxP sites that flank exon 4 of the Igf1 gene. The(More)
BACKGROUND An in vivo gene therapy strategy was developed to accelerate bone fracture repair. METHODS Direct injection of a murine leukemia virus-based vector targeted transgene expression to the proliferating periosteal cells arising shortly after fracture. Cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2) was selected because the transgene for its prostaglandin products that(More)
This study sought to determine whether deficient Igf1 expression in osteocytes would affect loading-induced osteogenic response. Tibias of osteocyte Igf1 conditional knockout (KO) mice (generated by cross-breeding Igf1 floxed mice with Dmp1-Cre transgenic mice) and wild-type (WT) littermates were subjected to four-point bending for 2 wk. Microcomputed(More)
This study presents gene expression, protein expression, and in situ immunohistochemical evidence that osteoclasts express high levels of osteoactivin (OA), which had previously been reported to be an osteoblast-specific protein in bone. OA expression in osteoclasts was up-regulated upon receptor activator of NFkappaB ligand-induced differentiation.(More)
This study sought to determine the cellular and molecular mechanisms of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2) gene therapy to accelerate fracture repair in a mouse multiple tibial fractures model. The lenti-COX2 (or lenti-gfp control vector) was injected into fractures on day 1 post-fracture. At days 3-7, the COX2 treatment increased Sdf1-, Cxcr4-, Nes-, and(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that an osteoclastic protein-tyrosine phosphatase, PTP-oc, enhances osteoclast activity through c-Src activation. The effects of several resorption activators and inhibitors on PTP-oc expression, resorption activity, and c-Src activation were determined in rabbit osteoclasts. PTP-oc expression was assayed with immunoblots(More)
Two inbred mouse strains, C3H/HeJ (C3H) and C57BL/6J (B6), displayed a profound difference in femoral peak bone density. We have previously shown that the difference could be attributed to a greater bone formation rate (BFR) that was due to a higher osteoblastic activity [measured by a mineral apposition rate (MAR)] in the C3H (high density) than B6 (low(More)