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CONTEXT Recent general population surveys of psychotic disorders have found low lifetime prevalences. However, this may be owing to methodological problems. Few studies have reported the prevalences of all specific psychotic disorders. OBJECTIVE To provide reliable estimates of the lifetime prevalences of specific psychotic disorders. DESIGN General(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and comorbidity of current mental disorders defined by DSM-III-R among a random sample of suicide victims from a nationwide suicide population. METHOD Using a psychological autopsy method, the authors collected comprehensive data on all suicide victims in Finland during 1 year.(More)
Several studies have shown the opioid antagonist naltrexone to be effective when combined with psychosocial therapies for the treatment of patients who are dependent on alcohol with fixed medication and time (12 weeks). In this study, 121 nonabstinent outpatients with alcohol dependence (DSM-IV) were treated with sessions of cognitive coping skills (N = 67)(More)
The efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in major depression has been linked to the accentuation of postconvulsive prefrontal electroencephalography slow-wave activity. We investigated the change in slow-wave activity (0.5-7 Hz) using whole-scalp magnetoencephalographic (MEG) recordings. The 3-7 Hz (theta) activity increased in the right frontal and(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine a sample representing all suicide victims with current DSM-III-R major depression in Finland within 1 year in aspects relevant to suicide prevention, including comorbidity, clinical history, current treatment, suicide methods, and communication of suicide intent. METHOD Using the psychological autopsy(More)
BACKGROUND Recent electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) efficacy studies of right unilateral (RUL) ECT may not apply to real life clinics with a wide range of patients with major depressive episodes. METHODS The study included two groups of patients. In addition to a homogeneous group of patients with major depression according to DSM-IV criteria with severity(More)
OBJECTIVE Problems related to illegal amphetamine use have become a major public health issue in many developed countries. To date, evidence on the effectiveness of psychosocial treatments has remained modest, and no pharmacotherapy has proven effective for amphetamine dependence. METHOD Individuals meeting DSM-IV criteria for intravenous amphetamine(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and comorbidity of current mental disorders defined by DSM-III-R among elderly suicide victims and to compare them with the mental disorders among younger victims. Using a psychological autopsy method, we collected comprehensive data on all suicides in Finland during 1 year. Retrospective Axis(More)
OBJECTIVE There have been few psychological autopsy studies of suicide among individuals with personality disorders. The possible specificity of characteristics of suicide among such individuals has been little investigated. METHOD A random sample of 229 subjects who committed suicide, representing all suicide victims in Finland within a 12-month period,(More)
In the research phase of the National Suicide Prevention Project, all suicides (n = 1397) in Finland between March 1987 and April 1988 were examined retrospectively using the psychological autopsy method. Careful retrospective diagnostic evaluation of the victims according to DSM-III-R criteria was done by weighing and integrating all available information.(More)