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CONTEXT Recent general population surveys of psychotic disorders have found low lifetime prevalences. However, this may be owing to methodological problems. Few studies have reported the prevalences of all specific psychotic disorders. OBJECTIVE To provide reliable estimates of the lifetime prevalences of specific psychotic disorders. DESIGN General(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and comorbidity of current mental disorders defined by DSM-III-R among a random sample of suicide victims from a nationwide suicide population. METHOD Using a psychological autopsy method, the authors collected comprehensive data on all suicide victims in Finland during 1 year.(More)
Several studies have shown the opioid antagonist naltrexone to be effective when combined with psychosocial therapies for the treatment of patients who are dependent on alcohol with fixed medication and time (12 weeks). In this study, 121 nonabstinent outpatients with alcohol dependence (DSM-IV) were treated with sessions of cognitive coping skills (N = 67)(More)
Changes in plasma cortisol, androstenedione, testosterone and luteinizing hormone (LH) were measured in five young male sprinters after maximal short-term running and in five young male long-distance runners after moderate (90 min, 4.3 min/km) and intense (45 min, 3.3 min/km) long-term running. Short-term running increased mean plasma cortisol (27%) and(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine whether the alcohol biomarkers CDT, GGT, the biomarker gamma-CDT index and previous drunken driving contributed significantly to the prediction of DUI recidivism. The subjects consisted of two different samples of drivers, viz. drivers who were found to have a positive breath alcohol concentration during random(More)
The efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in major depression has been linked to the accentuation of postconvulsive prefrontal electroencephalography slow-wave activity. We investigated the change in slow-wave activity (0.5-7 Hz) using whole-scalp magnetoencephalographic (MEG) recordings. The 3-7 Hz (theta) activity increased in the right frontal and(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine a sample representing all suicide victims with current DSM-III-R major depression in Finland within 1 year in aspects relevant to suicide prevention, including comorbidity, clinical history, current treatment, suicide methods, and communication of suicide intent. METHOD Using the psychological autopsy(More)
Plasma renin activity (PRA), angiotensin II, and aldosterone levels, arterial blood pressure, and heart rate of six male students were investigated during and after heat stress in a sauna bath. Increased PRA, angiotensin II, and aldosterone levels were found both during and after sauna. The greatest mean increases in PRA (94.9 +/- 10.4% SE, P less than(More)
In the research phase of the National Suicide Prevention Project, all suicides (n = 1397) in Finland between March 1987 and April 1988 were examined retrospectively using the psychological autopsy method. Careful retrospective diagnostic evaluation of the victims according to DSM-III-R criteria was done by weighing and integrating all available information.(More)