Kimitoshi Sakamoto

Learn More
In addition to haem copper oxidases, all higher plants, some algae, yeasts, molds, metazoans, and pathogenic microorganisms such as Trypanosoma brucei contain an additional terminal oxidase, the cyanide-insensitive alternative oxidase (AOX). AOX is a diiron carboxylate protein that catalyzes the four-electron reduction of dioxygen to water by ubiquinol. In(More)
To clarify evolution and phylogenetic relationships of trypanosome alternative oxidase (AOX) molecules, AOX genes (cDNAs) of the African trypanosomes, Trypanosoma congolense and Trypanosoma evansi, were cloned by PCR. Both AOXs possess conserved consensus motifs (-E-, -EXXH-). The putative amino acid sequence of the AOX of T. evansi was exactly the same as(More)
Mitochondrial respiratory enzymes play a central role in energy production in aerobic organisms. They differentiated from the alpha-proteobacteria-derived ancestors by adding noncatalytic subunits. An exception is Complex II (succinate: ubiquinone reductase), which is composed of four alpha-proteobacteria-derived catalytic subunits (SDH1-SDH4). Complex II(More)
In the anaerobic respiratory chain of the parasitic nematode Ascaris suum, complex II couples the reduction of fumarate to the oxidation of rhodoquinol, a reverse reaction catalyzed by mammalian complex II. In this study, the first structure of anaerobic complex II of mitochondria was determined. The structure, composed of four subunits and five co-factors,(More)
The trypanosome alternative oxidase (TAO) functions in the African trypanosomes as a cytochrome-independent terminal oxidase, which is essential for their survival in the mammalian host and as it does not exist in the mammalian host is considered to be a promising drug target for the treatment of trypanosomiasis. In the present study, recombinant TAO (rTAO)(More)
Cryptosporidium parvum is a parasitic protozoan that causes the diarrheal disease cryptosporidiosis, for which no satisfactory chemotherapy is currently available. Although the presence of mitochondria in this parasite has been suggested, its respiratory system is poorly understood due to difficulties in performing biochemical analyses. In order to better(More)
LKB1 phosphorylates members of the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) family. LKB1 and AMPK in the skeletal muscle are believed to regulate not only fuel oxidation during exercise but also exercise capacity. LKB1 was also required to prevent diaphragm fatigue, which was shown to affect exercise performance. Using mice expressing dominant negative (DN)(More)
We recently reported that Ascaris suum mitochondria express stage-specific isoforms of complex II: the flavoprotein subunit and the small subunit of cytochrome b (CybS) of the larval complex II differ from those of adult enzyme, while two complex IIs share a common iron-sulfur cluster subunit (Ip). In the present study, A. suum larval complex II was highly(More)
Within the genomes of higher eukaryotic cells, short interspersed repetitive sequences appear to be ubiquitous, but also remarkably varied with respect to copy number and position. Many of these repeat families, including the human Alu family, can be transcribed by RNA polymerase III, and evidence has accumulated from a variety of sources that levels of(More)