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In addition to haem copper oxidases, all higher plants, some algae, yeasts, molds, metazoans, and pathogenic microorganisms such as Trypanosoma brucei contain an additional terminal oxidase, the cyanide-insensitive alternative oxidase (AOX). AOX is a diiron carboxylate protein that catalyzes the four-electron reduction of dioxygen to water by ubiquinol. In(More)
To clarify evolution and phylogenetic relationships of trypanosome alternative oxidase (AOX) molecules, AOX genes (cDNAs) of the African trypanosomes, Trypanosoma congolense and Trypanosoma evansi, were cloned by PCR. Both AOXs possess conserved consensus motifs (-E-, -EXXH-). The putative amino acid sequence of the AOX of T. evansi was exactly the same as(More)
A new NADH-fumarate reductase inhibitor, verticipyrone, was isolated from the cultured broth of a fungus, Verticillium sp. FKI-1083. The structure was established as (E)-2-methoxy-3,5-dimethyl-6-(3-methyl-2-undecenyl)-4H-pyran-4-one. Verticipyrone exhibited an IC50 value of 0.88 nM against NADH-fumarate reductase of Ascaris suum. Verticipyrone inhibited(More)
Within the genomes of higher eukaryotic cells, short interspersed repetitive sequences appear to be ubiquitous, but also remarkably varied with respect to copy number and position. Many of these repeat families, including the human Alu family, can be transcribed by RNA polymerase III, and evidence has accumulated from a variety of sources that levels of(More)
Fenpyroximate is a potent inhibitor of the mitochondrial proton-translocating NADH-quinone oxidoreductase (complex I). We synthesized its photoaffinity analogue [(3)H](trifluoromethyl)phenyldiazirinylfenpyroximate ([(3)H]TDF). When bovine heart submitochondrial particles (SMP) were illuminated with UV light in the presence of [(3)H]TDF, radioactivity was(More)
Quinoprotein alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) of acetic acid bacteria is a membrane-bound enzyme that functions as the primary dehydrogenase in the ethanol oxidase respiratory chain. It consists of three subunits and has a pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) in the active site and four heme c moieties as electron transfer mediators. Of these, three heme c sites and a(More)
Alu and 7SL RNA gene sequences were tested for the potential to regulate mammalian cell growth by introducing these sequences into HeLa cells in a coupled DEAE-dextran transfection/affinity cell sorting system. Both Alu and 7SL RNA genes mediated inhibition of [3H]thymidine and [35S]methionine incorporation in recipient cells. In addition, short term growth(More)
The mitochondrial metabolic pathway of the parasitic nematode Ascaris suum changes dramatically during its life cycle, to adapt to changes in the environmental oxygen concentration. We previously showed that A. suum mitochondria express stage-specific isoforms of complex II (succinate-ubiquinone reductase: SQR/quinol-fumarate reductase: QFR). The(More)
The components and organization of the respiratory chain in helminth mitochondria vary remarkably depending upon the stage of the life cycle. Mitochondrial complex I in the parasitic helminth Ascaris suum uses ubiquinone-9 (UQ(9)) and rhodoquinone-9 (RQ(9)) under aerobic and anaerobic conditions, respectively. In this study, we investigated structural(More)