Kimitoshi Kohno

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The KAR2 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae codes for an essential chaperone protein (BiP) that is localized in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The high basal rate of transcription of KAR2 is increased transiently by heat shock: prolonged induction occurs when unfolded proteins accumulate in the ER. Three cis-acting elements in the KAR2 promoter(More)
The unfolded protein response (UPR) is a signal transduction pathway induced by a variety of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stresses and functions to maintain homeostasis of the cellular membrane in eukaryotes. Various ER stresses result in the accumulation of unfolded proteins in the ER, which is sensed by the transmembrane protein kinase/ribonuclease Ire1p(More)
The Y-box-binding protein (YB-1) represents the most evolutionary conserved nucleic-acid-binding protein currently known. YB-1 is a member of the cold-shock domain (CSD) protein superfamily. It performs a wide variety of cellular functions, including transcriptional regulation, translational regulation, DNA repair, drug resistance and stress responses to(More)
The expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been implicated in brain tumor angiogenesis, and the promoter region for the VEGF gene contains several SP-1 and AP-1 (c-Fos and c-Jun) binding motifs. Among eight human glioma cell lines, cellular mRNA levels of transcription factors SP-1 and AP-1 (c-Fos and c-Jun) were found to be closely(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of eukaryotic cells contains an abundant 78,000-Da protein (BiP) that is involved in the translocation, folding, and assembly of secretory and transmembrane proteins. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, as in mammalian cells, BiP mRNA is synthesized at a high basal rate and is further induced by the presence of increased(More)
Transcription factor Y-box binding protein 1 (YB-1) that binds to the inverted CCAAT box is involved not only in transcription of various genes but also in cell proliferation and DNA repair. We determined whether localization of YB-1 in either the nucleus or cytoplasm could serve as a prognostic marker for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).(More)
A major response of eukaryotic cells to the presence of unfolded proteins in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is to activate genes that encode ER-located molecular chaperones, such as the binding protein. This response, called the unfolded protein response, requires the transduction of a signal from the ER to the nucleus. In yeast (Saccharomyces(More)
We have previously reported the cloning of a novel cytokine, IFN-gamma-inducing factor (IGIF), which shared some biologic activities with IL-12. In this study, we analyzed the effects of murine IGIF on the activation of T cells, and compared the effects with those of IL-12. IGIF alone had no effect on the activation of T cell lines or Th1 clones, while IGIF(More)
By targeting the ATP binding conserved domain in three ATP binding cassette superfamily proteins (P-glycoprotein, multidrug resistance protein, and cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator), we isolated the cDNA of a new ATP binding cassette superfamily that was specifically enhanced in a cisplatin-resistant human head and neck cancer KB cell line. A human(More)
Twist is basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor that binds to E-boxes in gene promoters. Twist possesses an oncogenic function by interfering with the tumor suppressor function of p53. Using a membrane pull-down assay, we found that Twist directly interacts with p53 and that this interaction underlies the inhibitory effects on p53 target gene(More)