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BACKGROUND There have been a number of recent reports on the use of autologous bone marrow implantation (BMI) in the treatment of peripheral arterial disease, with a clinical response rate of approximately 70%. However, the factors that influence efficacy have not yet been clarified. We have analyzed the relationship between the number of implanted bone(More)
BACKGROUND Erythropoietin (EPO) has been found to have anti-apoptotic and tissue protective effects on the myocardium. The aim of the present pilot study was to observe the safety and efficacy of EPO administration for patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS AND RESULTS Patients admitted with AMI had all undergone successful percutaneous(More)
Cardiomyocytes with myocarditis compared with the normal state are thought to change the expressions of various genes greatly, some of which may be new biomarkers or new biologic medicinal products. However, until now, little comprehensive analysis has been made of gene-expression changes in cardiomyocytes with myocarditis. In this study, we performed a DNA(More)
Etomoxir, an inhibitor of mitochondrial carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1, is known to attenuate the changes in myosin isoforms and sarcoplasmic reticular function that occur in diabetic rat hearts. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that etomoxir also prevents the diabetes-induced depression of sarcolemmal (SL) Na+-K+ATPase activity by(More)
The aim of this study was to identify the clinical parameters of absolutely poor-prognosis patients with chronic critical limb ischemia (AP-CLI). Sixteen no-option CLI patients with arteriosclerosis obliterans: ASO (nine) and non-ASO patients (seven) treated with bone marrow-mononuclear cell implantation (BMI) were analyzed. There were three AP-CLI patients(More)
BACKGROUND In a heart with myocarditis, there are cardiomyocytes, inflammatory cells, and non-inflammatory interstitial cells. Immunological molecules are thought to influence not only inflammatory cells but also cardiac function and remodeling. Whatever their origin, the cells they target and the intercellular crosstalk they mediate remain unclear. Here,(More)
The disease course of acute myocarditis has a wide spectrum and the predictors of the prognosis in patients with acute myocarditis have not yet been established. In the pathogenesis of myocarditis, the cytokine environment is important. In this study, we examined the predictive values of serum levels of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and IL-12 in the short-term(More)
Erythropoietin (EPO) has long been utilized for the treatment of renal anemia. The erythropoietin receptor (EPOR) is also expressed in the cardiovascular and central nervous systems in addition to an erythroid lineage, to provide an organoprotective role against several types of cellular stress. Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a poor prognostic disease(More)
The micronutrient iron is an essential component that plays a role in many crucial metabolic reactions. The peptide hormone hepcidin is thought to play a central role in iron homeostasis and its expression is induced by iron overloading and inflammation. Recently, hepcidin has been reported to be expressed also in the heart; however, the kinetics of altered(More)
IL-22 is one of several cytokines with limited homology to IL-10. However, the biological activities of IL-22 are mostly unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of IL-22 on rat experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) and elucidate an aspect of the biological activities of IL-22. Rats were immunized on day 0; IL-22-Ig-treated rats(More)