Kimiko Umemoto

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The conformation of the carbohydrate recognition domain of Galectin-3, a lectin known to bind galactose containing oligosaccharides in mammalian systems, has been investigated in the absence of ligand and in the presence of N-acetylactosamine. A new methodology based on the measurement of residual dipolar couplings from NMR spectra has been used to(More)
The binding of a nitroxide spin-labeled analog of N-acetyllactosamine to galectin-3, a mammalian lectin of 26 kD size, is studied to map the binding sites of this small oligosaccharide on the protein surface. Perturbation of intensities of cross-peaks in the (15)N heteronuclear single quantum coherence (HSQC) spectrum of full-length galectin-3 owing to the(More)
The detailed binding mechanism of wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) with N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) was investigated using intermolecular 1H-1H nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) and atomic pair potential (APP) calculations. Negative NOE was observed on the 1H spectrum of 1-O-methyl derivative of GlcNAc in a solution containing WGA, when the aromatic region of the(More)
NMR studies on d(GA4T4C)2 and d(GT4A4C)2 indicated two important factors that contribute to intrinsic DNA bending in polymers containing A/T tracts [Sarma, M.H., et al. (1988) Biochemistry 27, 3423; Gupta, G., et al. (1988) Biochemistry 27, 7909]. They are (i) propeller-twisted A.T pairs with associated bifurcated H bonds inside the A/T tract and (ii) the(More)
The oligonucleotide d(G5T5) can in principle form a fully matched duplex with G.T pairing and/or a tetraplex. Non-denaturing gel electrophoresis, circular dichroism and NMR experiments show that the tetraplex is exclusively formed by this oligomer in solution. In the presence of its complementary strand d(A5C5) at low temperature, d(G5T5) forms the(More)
When the oligodeoxynucleotides d(A)6 and d(T)6 are mixed together in a 1:1 ratio (in 100 mM NaCl), the NH signals in the NMR spectrum gave a typical signature of Watson-Crick paired (WC) and Hoogsteen paired (H) AT base pairs. The observation indicates two schemes: Scheme I, WC and H duplexes in slow equilibrium, i.e., WC in equilibrium with H, Scheme II,(More)
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of methyl N,N'-diacetyl-beta-D-chitobioside (GlcNAc beta-(1-->4)GlcNAc beta-OMe) have been performed both in vacuo and in aqueous solution with the explicit inclusion of the solvent water molecules. The beta-(1-->4) glycosidic linkage fluctuates considerably, over a range of +/- 10 degrees, in each of the MD simulations(More)
Investigation of the width of the minor groove using 500 MHz NMR spectroscopy in three closely related 11-mer B-DNA duplexes shows that the minor groove is narrow in a GC rich oligonucleotide, and that a narrow minor groove is not something endemic to DNAs with persistent repetitions of adenine nucleotides (A-tract DNA). The width of the groove is dictated(More)
The structure of the water-insoluble fraction of HCN oligomers (azulmic acid) was studied by IR, NMR, gel permeation chromatography, and chemical methods. The results show that nearly half of the nitrogen atoms contained in the oligomers are of the primary amino type and the other half are involved in -C = N- type bonding. It was found that the oligomers(More)