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OBJECTIVE Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been reported to secrete various cytokines that exhibit angiogenic and neurosupportive effects. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of MSC transplantation on diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) in rats. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS MSCs were isolated from bone marrow of adult rats and transplanted into(More)
Gliclazide, a sulfonylurea widely used for treatment of diabetes mellitus, is known to scavenge reactive oxygen species. To clarify whether its antioxidative ability interferes with the glycation processes, we incubated bovine serum albumin (BSA) with 1 M glucose or 1 mM methylglyoxal, in the presence or absence of gliclazide, and observed the formation of(More)
Methylglyoxal (MG) is involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications via the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and reactive oxygen species (ROS). To clarify whether the antidiabetic drug metformin prevents Schwann cell damage induced by MG, we cultured mouse Schwann cells in the presence of MG and metformin. Cell apoptosis was(More)
A chronic animal preparation allowed us to compare activity of the same single, spinal dorsal horn neurons in the physiologically intact, awake, drug-free state and in the anesthetized state. The inhalation anesthetic enflurane produced profound, and at times, opposite effects on spinal dorsal horn neuron responses to non-noxious and noxious receptive field(More)
Extracellular activity was recorded from single spinal dorsal horn neurons in both chronic cat and acute rat models. This was done to define the effects of anesthesia on the processing of sensory information elicited by nonnoxious tactile stimulation of peripheral receptive fields (RFs). In the chronic cat model, baseline data were obtained in(More)
We report a case of adrenal pseudocyst difficult to differentiate from pheochromocytoma. A right adrenal mass was found in a 41-year-old man after a traffic accident. Plasma level of renin was low, plasma level of aldosterone, and urine levels of aldosterone and catecholamines were high. Dynamic tests for primary aldosteronism and pheochromocytoma were(More)
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