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Fukuyama-type congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD), one of the most common autosomal recessive disorders in Japan (incidence is 0.7-1.2 per 10,000 births), is characterized by congenital muscular dystrophy associated with brain malformation (micropolygria) due to a defect in the migration of neurons. We previously mapped the FCMD gene to a region of less(More)
The temporal changes in intensity of myelination of the nervous pathways in 0 to 42-day-old Wistar rats were quantitatively analyzed by immunohistochemistry with anti-proteolipid protein and compared with that obtained by immunohistochemistry with anti-myelin basic protein. Immunohistochemistry was performed on paraffin-embedded tissue according to the(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis is an important modulator of chronic atrial fibrillation. Sarcolipin, a homologue of phospholamban, is specifically expressed in the atria, and may play an important role in modulating intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis in the atria. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of sarcolipin mRNA in(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Patients with prolapsing internal hemorrhoids were treated with a novel sclerosing agent (OC-108), and the results were compared with surgery of ligation and excision. PATIENTS AND METHODS This study included 20 years or older patients with prolapsing internal hemorrhoids who visited ten medical institutions in Japan from October 2000(More)
Stem cell therapies have been clinically employed to repair the injured heart, and cardiac stem cells are thought to be one of the most potent stem cell candidates. The beating heart is characterized by dynamic mechanical stresses, which may have a significant impact on stem cell therapy. The purpose of this study is to investigate how mechanical stress(More)
Neovascularization has recently been used as a new treatment for severe ischemic disease. We tried to induce therapeutic neovascularization by autologous bone marrow cell implantation (BMCI) in eight selected patients with chronic peripheral arterial disease (PAD), in whom traditional treatments had failed. Improvement of subjective symptoms was seen in(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have shown that bone marrow-derived stem cells differentiate into the phenotype of cardiomyocytes in vivo and in vitro. We tried to regenerate infarcted myocardium by implanting ex vivo transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta-preprogrammed CD117 (c-kit)-positive (CD117+) stem cells intramyocardially. METHODS AND RESULTS CD117+(More)
The temporal order of the myelination of the nervous pathways in 0-42-day-old Wistar rats was quantitatively analyzed using immunohistochemistry with anti-myelin basic protein (MBP) antibody. Immunohistochemistry was performed on paraffin-embedded tissue according to the standard ABC technique. For the objective evaluation of myelination, we converted the(More)
We devised a three dimensional method for the accurate measurement of brain volume and applied it to 32 neurologically normal children, 7 children with only mental retardation and 15 children with both mental retardation and motor disturbance. In the group of neurologically normal children, the total brain volume increased from 723 cm3 to 1407 cm3 in order(More)
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a common disease among elderly people that, when surgical treatment is inapplicable, results in progressive expansion and rupture of the aorta with high mortality. Although nonsurgical treatment for AAA is much awaited, few options are available because its molecular pathogenesis remains elusive. Here, we identify JNK as a(More)