Kimihisa Yamamoto

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Colloidal platinum nanoparticles with diameters of 2-5 nm on carbon supports are currently regarded as the best catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction. However, the particle size is limited by the conventional preparation methods that are used to synthesize small platinum particles; the inherent activity of ultrasmall nanoparticles has not yet been(More)
The use of dendrimer templates to make metal-based nanoparticles of controlled size has attracted much interest. These highly branched macromolecules have well-defined structures that enable them to bind metal ions to generate precursors that can be converted into nanoparticles. We describe the sub-nanometre size control of both anatase and rutile forms of(More)
Dendrimers are highly branched organic macromolecules with successive layers or 'generations' of branch units surrounding a central core. Organic-inorganic hybrid versions have also been produced, by trapping metal ions or metal clusters within the voids of the dendrimers. The unusual, tree-like topology endows these nanometre-sized macromolecules with a(More)
A series of charge-separable and hole-transporting phenylazomethine dendrimers with a triarylamine core are prepared and evaluated for use as a charge separator in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Triphenylamine with dendric phenylazomethine (TPA-DPA) is prepared by synthesizing up to five generations of dendrons using a convergent method. The resultant(More)
A series of phenylazomethine dendrimers with a triarylamine core (TPA-DPA) were synthesized by dehydration using TiCl4. The complexation of the fourth genereration (G4) TPA-DPA with SnCl2 proceeds in not a random but a stepwise fashion from the core to the terminal imines of the G4 dendrimer. The molecular size of TPA-DPA G4 is larger than that of DPA G4 in(More)
A series of dendritic phenylazomethines (DPA), which have a meso-substituted zinc porphyrin core (DPAGX-ZnP, X = 1-4), were synthesized. Structural studies of these dendrimers were carried out using Tri-SEC (triple detection after size exclusion chromatography), intrinsic viscosity analysis, TEM (tunneling electron microscopy), and molecular modeling(More)
Classical metal-based nanomaterials come in two prominent types: a mononuclear or multinuclear complex chemically stabilized by organic ligands or a nanoparticle (also called a nanorod, nanosheet, or nanocrystal) physically stabilized by inorganic or polymer supports. Over the last decade, a class of superatoms that lies between these categories of(More)
A relationship between the size of metal particles and their catalytic activity has been established over a nanometer scale (2-10 nm). However, application on a subnanometer scale (0.5-2 nm) is difficult, a possible reason being that the activity no longer relies on the size but rather the geometric structure as a cluster (or superatomic) compound. We now(More)
On a subnanometer scale, an only one-atom difference in a metal cluster may cause significant transitions in the catalytic activity due to the electronic and geometric configurations. We now report the atomicity-specific catalytic activity of platinum clusters with significantly small atomicity, especially below 20. The atomic coordination structure is(More)