Kimihiro Yoshimura

Learn More
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) control cell proliferation, differentiation and fate through modulation of gene expression by partially base-pairing with target mRNA sequences. Drosha is an RNase III enzyme that is the catalytic subunit of a large complex that cleaves pri-miRNAs with distinct structures into pre-miRNAs. Here, we show that both the p68 and p72 DEAD-box(More)
As locally converted estrogen from testicular testosterone contributes to apparent androgen activity, the physiological significance of androgen receptor (AR) function in the beneficial effects of androgens on skeletal tissues has remained unclear. We show here that inactivation of AR in mice using a Cre-loxP system-mediated gene-targeting technique caused(More)
The structure and function of blood vessels adapt to environmental changes such as physical development and exercise. This phenomenon is based on the ability of the endothelial cells to sense and respond to blood flow; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here we show that the ATP-gated P2X4 ion channel, expressed on endothelial cells and(More)
Testicular testosterone produced during a critical perinatal period is thought to masculinize and defeminize the male brain from the inherent feminization program and induce male-typical behaviors in the adult. These actions of testosterone appear to be exerted not through its androgenic activity, but rather through its conversion by brain aromatase into(More)
A number of nuclear complexes modify chromatin structure and operate as functional units. However, the in vivo role of each component within the complexes is not known. ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling complexes form several types of protein complexes, which reorganize chromatin structure cooperatively with histone modifiers. Williams syndrome(More)
We have previously shown that the novel ATP-dependent chromatin-remodeling complex WINAC is required for the ligand-bound vitamin D receptor (VDR)-mediated transrepression of the 25(OH)D3 1alpha-hydroxylase (1alpha(OH)ase) gene. However, the molecular basis for VDR promoter association, which does not involve its binding to specific DNA sequences, remains(More)
We identified a human multiprotein complex (WINAC) that directly interacts with the vitamin D receptor (VDR) through the Williams syndrome transcription factor (WSTF). WINAC has ATP-dependent chromatin-remodeling activity and contains both SWI/SNF components and DNA replication-related factors. The latter might explain a WINAC requirement for normal S phase(More)
Chondromodulin I (ChM-I) was supposed from its limited expression in cartilage and its functions in cultured chondrocytes as a major regulator in cartilage development. Here, we generated mice deficient in ChM-I by targeted disruption of the ChM-I gene. No overt abnormality was detected in endochondral bone formation during embryogenesis and cartilage(More)
Vitamin D metabolites influence the expression of various genes involved in calcium homeostasis, cell differentiation, and regulation of the immune system. Expression of these genes is mediated by the activation of the nuclear vitamin D receptor (VDR). Previous studies have shown that a hormonally active form of vitamin D, 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3,(More)
Endochondral ossification is an essential process not only for physiological skeletal development and growth, but also for pathological disorders. We recently identified a novel cartilage-specific molecule, carminerin (also known as cystatin 10 and encoded by Cst10), which is upregulated in synchrony with cartilage maturation and stimulates the later(More)