Kimie Okubo

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OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the pause-dependency of the J-wave to characterize this phenomenon in idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (VF). BACKGROUND The J-wave can be found in apparently healthy subjects and in patients at risk for sudden cardiac death, and risk stratification is therefore needed. METHODS Forty patients with J-wave-associated(More)
Right bundle branch block and ST segment elevation (RBBB-STE) in the right precordial leads have been reported as a distinct clinical and electrocardiographic syndrome in patients prone to ventricular fibrillation (VF) in the absence of structural heart disease (Brugada syndrome). The purpose of the study was to investigate the role of signal averaged(More)
Brugada syndrome is characterized by right bundle branch block morphology and ST-segment elevation in the right precordial leads and a propensity to develop ventricular arrhythmias. Mutations in a cardiac sodium channel gene have been linked to this syndrome, and the ionic mechanisms responsible for the electrocardiographic phenotype are(More)
INTRODUCTION The cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) is crucial in the ablation of typical atrial flutter (AFL), and consequently the CTI anatomy and/or its relation to resistant ablation cases have been widely described in human angiographic studies. Intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) has been shown to be a useful tool for determining detailed anatomical(More)
UNLABELLED Since myocardial lesion size during radio-frequency (RF) ablation is limited at high power by impedance rise when electrode tip temperature exceed 100 degrees C, controlling tip temperature by continuous intraelectrode saline infusion could permit generation of larger lesion. (1) Two dogs randomly received either standard or cooled tip RF(More)
BACKGROUND The relation between ECG and activation patterns within atria in typical atrial flutter (AFL) patients (pts) has not been defined due to the lack of simultaneous multisite right and left atrial mapping. METHODS In 13 pts with AFL, a Halo catheter was positioned along tricuspid annulus and multipolar catheters were placed in right atrial(More)
Right atrial monophasic action potentials were recorded before and after 60 minutes of rapid atrial pacing (pacing cycle length (CL); 127 +/- 10 ms) in 12 closed-chest dogs. The right atrial (RA) monophasic action potential (MAP) duration at 90% repolarization (RAMAPD) was measured at CLs of 400 ms and 250 ms. CL-dependent changes in RAMAPD (CL 400 ms - 250(More)
Whether the activation sequence of the right or left atrium plays a role in the morphology of the flutter wave in common atrial flutter is not completely understood. We present two patients with common counterclockwise atrial flutter in whom changes in the left atrial activation sequence produced significant changes in flutter wave polarity (+ to - and - to(More)
BACKGROUND Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) level has been shown to increase in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation (CAF) without overt heart failure (HF). Although atrial electrical remodeling associated with CAF has been described, little is known about the effects of the BNP level on the electrophysiological properties in CAF patients. METHODS AND(More)
Atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is a relatively common paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. This study investigated whether adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) injection during sinus rhythm might be useful in the noninvasive diagnosis of dual AV nodal pathways. The study group consisted of 9 patients with slow/fast AVNRT and 11 control(More)