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OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the pause-dependency of the J-wave to characterize this phenomenon in idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (VF). BACKGROUND The J-wave can be found in apparently healthy subjects and in patients at risk for sudden cardiac death, and risk stratification is therefore needed. METHODS Forty patients with J-wave-associated(More)
The cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) is crucial in the ablation of typical atrial flutter (AFL), and consequently the CTI anatomy and/or its relation to resistant ablation cases have been widely described in human angiographic studies. Intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) has been shown to be a useful tool for determining detailed anatomical information. Thus,(More)
Background: The relation between ECG and activation patterns within atria in typical atrial flutter (AFL) patients (pts) has not been defined due to the lack of simultaneous multisite right and left atrial mapping. Methods: In 13 pts with AFL, a Halo catheter was positioned along tricuspid annulus and multipolar catheters were placed in right atrial(More)
Right bundle branch block and ST segment elevation (RBBB-STE) in the right precordial leads have been reported as a distinct clinical and electrocardiographic syndrome in patients prone to ventricular fibrillation (VF) in the absence of structural heart disease (Brugada syndrome). The purpose of the study was to investigate the role of signal averaged(More)
Brugada syndrome is characterized by right bundle branch block morphology and ST-segment elevation in the right precordial leads and a propensity to develop ventricular arrhythmias. Mutations in a cardiac sodium channel gene have been linked to this syndrome, and the ionic mechanisms responsible for the electrocardiographic phenotype are(More)
Since myocardial lesion size during radio-frequency (RF) ablation is limited at high power by impedance rise when electrode tip temperature exceed 100 °C, controlling tip temperature by continuous intraelectrode saline infusion could permit generation of larger lesion. (1) Two dogs randomly received either standard or cooled tip RF ablation at 4 to 6(More)
BACKGROUND There is evidence that some patients with Brugada syndrome (BS) exhibit atrial tachyarrhythmias including paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. We investigated whether BS associated not only with vulnerability to ventricular fibrillation, but also with vulnerability to atrial fibrillation. METHODS AND RESULTS In 15 patients with BS and Brugada-type(More)
Right atrial monophasic action potentials were recorded before and after 60 minutes of rapid atrial pacing (pacing cycle length (CL); 127 ± 10 ms) in 12 closed-chest dogs. The right atrial (RA) monophasic action potential (MAP) duration at 90% repolarization (RAMAPD) was measured at CLs of 400 ms and 250 ms. CL-dependent changes in RAMAPD (CL 400 ms − 250(More)
Transvenous endocardial pacemaker implantation is contraindicated in patients after prosthetic tricuspid valve replacement. A 65-year-old woman underwent both replacement of the mitral and tricuspid valves and pacemaker implantation with epicardial lead for bradycardia with chronic atrial fibrillation. At 2 years after this operation, the pacemaker's(More)
Whether the activation sequence of the right or left atrium plays a role in the morphology of the flutter wave in common atrial flutter is not completely understood. We present two patients with common counterclockwise atrial flutter in whom changes in the left atrial activation sequence produced significant changes in flutter wave polarity (+ to - and - to(More)