Learn More
There are two forms of naturally occurring vitamin K, phylloquinone and the menaquinones. Phylloquinone (vitamin K(1)) is a major type (>90%) of dietary vitamin K, but its concentrations in animal tissues are remarkably low compared with those of the menaquinones, especially menaquinone-4 (vitamin K(2)), the major form (>90%) of vitamin K in tissues.(More)
Vitamin K occurs in the natural world in several forms, including a plant form, phylloquinone (PK), and a bacterial form, menaquinones (MKs). In many species, including humans, PK is a minor constituent of hepatic vitamin K content, with most hepatic vitamin K content comprising long-chain MKs. Menaquinone-4 (MK-4) is ubiquitously present in extrahepatic(More)
Lung metastatic neoplasms are the major cause of cancer mortality. Despite the progress of diagnostic techniques and improvements in surgical procedures, the prognosis of patients with lung cancer is generally poor, even in the early stages of cancer [Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, vol. 1, fifth ed., Lippincott-Raven, New York, 1997, p. 849].(More)
The vitamin-K-dependent gamma-glutamyl carboxylase (GGCX) carboxylates vitamin-K-dependent proteins including bone Gla protein (osteocalcin) and matrix Gla protein, which play important roles in bone metabolism. Therefore, GGCX polymorphism might explain in part individual susceptibility to osteoporosis. In the present study, polymorphisms in the exons of(More)
Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) exerts its effect by binding to its cognate FGF receptor 1 (FGFR1) in the presence of its co-receptor Klotho. Parathyroid glands express both FGFR1 and Klotho, and FGF23 decreases parathyroid hormone gene expression and hormone secretion directly. In uremic patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT), however,(More)
1alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1alpha,25-D(3)) has potent antiproliferative and anti-invasive properties in vitro in cancer cells. However, its calcemic effect in vivo limits its therapeutic applications. Here, we report the efficacy of 22-oxa-1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (22-oxa-1alpha,25-D(3)), a low calcemic analog of vitamin D, against the(More)
1alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)], the major regulator of calcium homeostasis, has potent antiproliferative and anti-invasive properties in vitro in cancer cells. Studies in vivo demonstrated that 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) slows the progression of breast, prostate and other carcinomas. A key question is whether 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) exerts(More)
It is generally accepted that the availability of vitamin K in vivo depends on its homologues, the biological activities of which would differ among organs. To test this hypothesis, we examined the uptake, metabolism, and utilization of menaquinone-4 (MK-4) and phylloquinone (PK) using 18O-labeled compounds in two cultured human cell lines (HepG2 and(More)
Phylloquinone is a major form (>90%) of dietary vitamin K, but the form of vitamin K that exists at the highest concentrations in tissues of animals and humans is menaquinone-4 (MK-4) . Despite this great difference, the origin of tissue MK-4 had not been clarified until recently. We demonstrated that deuterium-labeled phylloquinone was converted into(More)