Kimia Honarmand

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Detecting clinically significant symptoms of depression and anxiety in medically ill patients using self-report rating scales presents a challenge because of somatic confounders. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was developed with this in mind, but has never been validated for a multiple sclerosis population. Our objective was to validate(More)
BACKGROUND Neuropsychological batteries are long and require expertise to administer. For this reason, the Multiple Sclerosis Neuropsychological Questionnaire (MSNQ) was developed as it is quick and easy to complete. The informant version of the scale has proven to be a useful screen for cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE The(More)
As many as two-thirds of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients are unable to retain employment. Neurological and cognitive status are known to be significant predictors of unemployment, but the relationship between the two is unclear. Furthermore, the association between employment status and depression, anxiety, and personality has not been adequately explored(More)
The Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) is a particularly sensitive measure of cognitive dysfunction in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). While computerized versions have been developed for use in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), none has been validated in MS patients. The aim of this study was to validate a new computerized version of the(More)
BACKGROUND While neuropsychological deficits have been reported in healthy individuals who use street cannabis, data in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) are lacking. Given that MS is associated with cognitive deterioration, the aim of this study was to determine the neuropsychological effects of cannabis use in this population. METHODS Two groups,(More)
Problem Gambling (PG) represents a serious problem for affected individuals, their families and society in general. Previous approaches to understanding PG have been confined to only a subset of the psychobiological factors influencing PG. We present a model that attempts to integrate potential causal factors across levels of organization, providing(More)
Retained placenta (RP) is one of the most important complications in cattle because it affects milk production and reproductive performance. To determine any changes between healthy cows and cows that retained their afterbirth, serum metabolites, haematological parameters and hormonal concentrations were measured 96–48 h prepartum and 24–48 h postpartum in(More)
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is associated with the remission of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). There are a number of scoring systems available that help predict type 2 diabetes remission rates after bariatric surgery; however, relatively few have been validated externally. The DiaRem score, comprised of four preoperative variables (age, haemoglobin A1c(More)
OBJECTIVE : To investigate the role of personality and anxiety to self-report measures of cognition in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). BACKGROUND : Self-report measures of cognition have consistently been shown to correlate better with depressed mood than neuropsychological test performance in patients with MS, with few studies focusing on the role(More)
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