Kimberly Y Smith

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Photobiomodulation (PBM) has been proposed as a potential therapy for spinal cord injury (SCI). We aimed to demonstrate that 810 nm light can penetrate deep into the body and promote neuronal regeneration and functional recovery. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS Adult rats underwent a T9 dorsal hemisection, followed by(More)
Managers often explain their earnings forecasts by linking forecasted performance to their internal actions and the actions of parties external to the firm. These attributions potentially aid investors in the interpretation of management forecasts by confirming known relationships between attributions and profitability or by identifying additional causes(More)
BACKGROUND Abacavir sulfate/lamivudine (ABC/3TC) and tenofovir DF/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) are widely used nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors for initial HIV-1 treatment. This is the first completed, randomized clinical trial to directly compare the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of these agents, each in combination with lopinavir/ritonavir in(More)
SU6668 is a small molecule inhibitor of the angiogenic receptor tyrosine kinases Flk-1/KDR, PDGFRbeta, and FGFR1. In mice, SU6668 treatment resulted in regression or growth arrest of all large established human tumor xenografts examined associated with loss of tumor cellularity. The events underlying loss of tumor cellularity were elucidated in detail in(More)
Women currently account for 27% of new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections in the United States, the majority of which are acquired through heterosexual transmission. In the United States, black and Latino persons are disproportionately affected by the HIV epidemic, a disparity that is most dramatically present among HIV-infected women. Many of(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with progressive loss of circulating CD4+ lymphocytes. Treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has led to increases in CD4+ T lymphocytes of naive (CD45RA+62L+) and memory (CD45R0+RA-) phenotypes. Thymic computerized tomography scans were obtained on 30 individuals with HIV(More)
Neonatal Borna Disease Virus (BDV) infection in rats leads to a neuronal loss in the cortex, hippocampus and cerebellum. Since BDV is a non-lytic infection in vitro, it has been suggested that activated microglia could contribute to neuronal damage. It is also conceivable that BDV-induced cell death triggers activation of microglia to remove cell debris.(More)
BACKGROUND Once-daily (QD) ritonavir 100 mg-boosted fosamprenavir 1400 mg (FPV/r100) or atazanavir 300 mg (ATV/r100), plus tenofovir/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) 300 mg/200 mg, have not been compared as initial antiretroviral treatment. To address this data gap, we conducted an open-label, multicenter 48-week study (ALERT) in 106 antiretroviral-naïve,(More)
BACKGROUND In phase 1 trials, the HIV-1 integrase strand transfer inhibitor cabotegravir (GSK1265744) was well tolerated, both alone, and in combination with the non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor rilpivirine. We assessed cabotegravir plus rilpivirine, as a two-drug oral antiretroviral regimen, for the maintenance of viral suppression in(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to evaluate treatment responses to atazanavir plus ritonavir (ATV/r) or efavirenz (EFV) in initial antiretroviral regimens among women and men, and determine if treatment outcomes differ by sex. METHODS We performed a randomized trial of open-label ATV/r or EFV combined with abacavir/lamivudine (ABC/3TC) or tenofovir/emtricitabine(More)