Kimberly R. Ballinger

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Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a leading cause of drug attrition. Significant and well-documented differences between animals and humans in liver pathways now necessitate the use of human-relevant in vitro liver models for testing new chemical entities during preclinical drug development. Consequently, several human liver models with various levels of(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection leads to persistence in the majority of cases despite triggering complex innate immune responses within the liver. Although hepatocytes are the preferred site for HCV replication, nonparenchymal cells (NPCs) can also contribute to antiviral immunity. Recent innovations involving single-genome amplification (SGA),(More)
INTRODUCTION Drug-induced liver injury remains a major cause of drug attrition. Furthermore, novel drugs are being developed for treating liver diseases. However, differences between animals and humans in liver pathways necessitate the use of human-relevant liver models to complement live animal testing during preclinical drug development. Microfabrication(More)
Hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus has been linked to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, which can progress to inflammation, fibrosis/cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Understanding how chronic hyperglycemia affects primary human hepatocytes (PHHs) can facilitate the development of therapeutics for these diseases. Conversely, elucidating the(More)
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