Kimberly J Newsom

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Airway inflammation in allergen-induced asthma is associated with eicosanoid release. These bioactive lipids exhibit anti- and pro-inflammatory activities with relevance to pulmonary pathophysiology. We hypothesized that sensitization/challenge using an extract from the ubiquitous fungus Aspergillus fumigatus in a mouse model of allergic asthma would result(More)
The studies of PGE2 (prostaglandin E2) biosynthesis have focused primarily on the role of cyclo-oxygenases. Efforts have shifted towards the specific PGE2 terminal synthases, particularly mPGES-1 (microsomal PGE synthase 1), which has emerged as the crucial inducible synthase with roles in pain, cancer and inflammation. mPGES-1 is induced by(More)
OBJECTIVE To demonstrate that a small molecule can induce the transcription factor Foxo3 in the ovary and lead to inhibition of follicle activation. DESIGN Cell culture, organ culture, and animal studies. SETTING University-based laboratory. ANIMAL(S) 23 female C57BL/6 mice. INTERVENTION(S) Human ovary cells and mouse ovaries in culture treated with(More)
BACKGROUND Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a complicating factor in cystic fibrosis (CF), affecting 2-15% of patients. We hypothesized that sensitization/challenge of CFTR(-/-) mice with an Aspergillus fumigatus (Af) extract will affect eicosanoid pathway gene expression, impacting ABPA and CF. METHODS FABP-hCFTR(+/-)-CFTR(-/-) mice were(More)
Cytosolic phospholipase A(2)α (cPLA(2)α) is the most widely studied member of the Group IV PLA(2) family. The enzyme is Ca(2+)-dependent with specificity for phospholipid substrates containing arachidonic acid. As the pinnacle of the arachidonic acid pathway, cPLA(2)α has a primary role in the biosynthesis of a diverse family of eicosanoid metabolites, with(More)
Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), a critical anti-oxidant enzyme, detoxifies the mitochondrial-derived reactive oxygen species, superoxide, elicited through normal respiration or the inflammatory response. Proinflammatory stimuli induce MnSOD gene expression through a eutherian-conserved, intronic enhancer element. We identified two prototypic(More)
Specific control of group IVA cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2α or PLA2G4A) expression modulates arachidonic acid production, thus tightly regulating the downstream effects of pro- and anti-inflammatory eicosanoids. The significance of this pathway in human disease is apparent in a range of pathologies from inflammation to tumorigenesis. While much of the(More)
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