Kimberly J. Babbitt

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Predator-induced defenses can result from non-contact cues associated with the presence of a feeding predator; however, the nature of the predator cue has not been determined. We tested the role of two non-contact cues, metabolites of digestion of conspecific prey released by the predator and alarm pheromones released by attacked conspecific prey, in the(More)
In the United States, the regulatory approach to wetland protection has a traditional focus on size as a primary criterion, with large wetlands gaining significantly more protection. Small, isolated wetlands have received less protection; however, these wetlands play a significant role in the maintenance of biodiversity of many taxonomic groups, including(More)
We investigated the influence of landscape and wetland characteristics on pond-breeding amphibian assemblages in south-central New Hampshire, a relatively low populated and heavily forested region of the northeastern United States. This allowed us to better understand landscape influences in less disturbed areas, and to determine critical landscape(More)
We examined larval anuran assemblages at 12 temporary wetlands occurring on the MacArthur Agro-Ecology Research center (MAERC) in southcentral Florida. MAERC is an active cattle ranch, and the wetlands on the site are heavily influenced by an extensive series of ditches that drain the landscape. Ditching has resulted in a change from a historically(More)
We conducted a field study to examine the influence of hydroperiod and concomitant changes in abiotic (wetland size, pH, conductivity, dissolved oxygen and water temperature) and biotic (predatory fish presence) characteristics on macroinvertebrate communities in isolated wetlands in southern New Hampshire. Invertebrates were sampled using dipnet sweeps in(More)
Conservation initiatives in agricultural landscapes play an increasingly important role in ensuring the long-term persistence of amphibian biodiversity because native habitats continue to be lost to urban and commercial development. We examined larval anuran structure within seasonally inundated wetlands in four upland habitat types of southcentral Florida(More)
Although predator-induced stress is a common biotic factor in aquatic communities that can strongly influence anuran development, there have been no studies to date that examined the interaction between this factor and atrazine, the most widely used pesticide in the United States. The potential synergistic effects of atrazine (0, 20, or 200 microg/L) and(More)
Declines in amphibian populations, and amphibians with gross malformations, have prompted concern regarding the biological status of many anuran species. A survey of bullfrogs, Rana catesbeiana, and green frogs, Rana clamitans, conducted in central and southern New Hampshire showed malformed frogs at 81% of the sites sampled (13 of 16 sites). Brain(More)
In an effort to assess potential ecological hazards to amphibian species in selected regions within New Hampshire, the traditional Frog Embryo Teratogenesis Assay-Xenopus (FETAX), a 14-/21 day tail resorption thyroid disruption assay and >30 day limb development tests were conducted with representative surface water and sediment samples. Two separate sets(More)
Understanding the relative impacts of predators on prey may improve the ability to predict the effects of predator composition changes on prey assemblages. We experimentally examined the relative impact of native and introduced predatory fish on a temporary wetland amphibian assemblage to determine whether these predators exert distinct (unique or(More)