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AIM To evaluate the risk of urinary tract infections (UTI) in subjects with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS Subjects aged ≥18years and diagnosed with T2DM between 1/1/10 and 12/31/10 were identified using the MarketScan® databases, which are representative of the commercially insured US population and those with both Medicare and(More)
CONTEXT Before licensure of varicella vaccine in 1995, varicella was a universal childhood disease in the United States, causing 4 million cases, 11,000 hospitalizations, and 100 deaths every year. OBJECTIVE To examine population-based disease surveillance data in 3 communities to document the impact of the varicella vaccination program. DESIGN,(More)
AIMS Progressive decline in renal function has been well described in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus, but few studies have assessed the risk of acute renal failure in a large population of patients with Type 2 diabetes. This study quantified the risk of acute renal failure associated with Type 2 diabetes in the General Practice Research Database(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma is one of the leading causes of cancer death worldwide. The etiology of liver cancer is multifactorial, and infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV), whose pathogenesis is exacerbated by the acquisition of mutations that accelerate carcinogenesis, or hepatitis C virus (HCV) and dietary exposure to aflatoxin B(1) all contribute to(More)
AIM To estimate the rate of adherence to oral antihyperglycemic monotherapy for patients with type 2 diabetes in the US and describe factors associated with adherence in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this retrospective cohort analysis, patients aged 18 years or older with a type 2 diabetes diagnosis received between 1 January 2007 and 31 March(More)
BACKGROUND Reports of multiple sclerosis developing after hepatitis B vaccination have led to the concern that this vaccine might be a cause of multiple sclerosis in previously healthy subjects. METHODS We conducted a nested case-control study in two large cohorts of nurses in the United States, those in the Nurses' Health Study (which has followed(More)
AIM To examine the impact of diabetes duration, chronic pancreatitis and other factors on pancreatic cancer risk. METHODS This retrospective cohort study using the UK General Practice Research Database compared pancreatic cancer incidence and risk in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) versus patients without diabetes. Multivariate Cox(More)
A lipodystrophic syndrome and metabolic abnormalities have been observed in HIV-infected patients treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). A murine model of lipodystrophy is associated with decreased levels of adiponectin, an adipocyte-secreted protein, the administration of which improves the metabolic syndrome in these mice. To(More)
BACKGROUND Both increased age and type 2 diabetes mellitus are risk factors for developing bone fractures. While recent data in the elderly suggest a link between hypoglycemia and fall-related fractures, the association between sulfonylureas, commonly used hypoglycemic agents, and fracture risk has not been well investigated. METHODS We used patient data(More)
We investigated the relationship among habitual exercise, diet, and the presence of metabolic abnormalities (body fat redistribution, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance) in a cross-sectional study of 120 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected subjects with use of bivariate and multivariate regression-analysis models. Total and aerobic exercise were(More)