Kimberly Beers

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By using a series of chemical inhibitors of mitochondrial respiration, a site-specific defect in the electron transport chain was identified in mitochondria obtained from broilers with pulmonary hypertension syndrome (PHS; ascites). Located at the succinate:ubiquinone oxido-reductase (Complex II:CoQ) interface, this defect would allow electrons to leak from(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess mitochondrial function and glutathione (a mitochondrial antioxidant) in response to oxidative stress in mitochondria in vitro obtained from broilers with and without pulmonary hypertension syndrome (PHS). Liver mitochondria from Control and PHS broilers were incubated with 0, 1, and 5-mM tertiary-butyl hydroperoxide(More)
Growing Holstein steers were used in two Latin-square experiments to determine the effects of supplementation of endophyte-infected fescue hay diets with other forages on intake, digestion, passage rate and serum prolactin concentration. In Exp. 1, five steers (average weight of 186 kg) were fed ad libitum amounts of endophyte-infected and noninfected(More)
Ten Holstein steers (141 kg) were used in two 5 X 5 Latin-square experiments conducted simultaneously to determine the effects of offering different levels and types of feeds with endophyte-infected fescue given ad libitum. In Exp. 1, steers were given ad libitum access to infected fescue hay in the afternoon; in the morning fescue was given ad libitum(More)
Effects of supplemental Bermuda grass hay (BG) or ground corn on intake, digestion and performance of cattle consuming endophyte-infected fescue (I) were studied. In Exp. 1, a Latin square study, five growing Holstein steers (158.1 kg) consumed I ad libitum and were offered 0, .3, .6, .9 or 1.2% body weight (BW) of BG daily. Total dry matter (DM) intake(More)
1. The effect of aflatoxin on plasma aspartate aminotransferase (AST), protein, and hepatic glutathione (GSH) and hepatic blood flow (perfusion), were determined in 3-week-old male chickens. 2. Daily aflatoxin gavage (2 mg/kg body wt, in corn oil) for 5 and 10 days elevated plasma AST and hepatic GSH, and depressed plasma protein and hepatic perfusion.(More)
Experiments were designed to determine the effects of aflatoxicosis on avian renal function, calcium (CA), inorganic phosphorous (Pi), and vitamin D metabolism, and to determine if the effects of aflatoxin are reversible upon discontinuation of toxin administration. Three-week-old male broiler chickens (n = 12 per treatment) received aflatoxin (AF; 2 mg/kg(More)
This study was conducted to document the glutathione (GSH) cycle (interorgan circulation of GSH) in broilers in vivo. Two experiments were conducted on 36 anesthetized male broilers (n = 6 per treatment) implanted with cannulae in the carotid artery, hepatic portal, and hepatic veins. Plasma GSH, glutamate, cysteine, cystine, and cysteinylglycine levels in(More)
This study was conducted to investigate the hepatic extraction of plasma free amino acids in anesthetized Single Comb White Leghorn (SCWL) males (Gallus domesticus). SCWL males were anesthetized and implanted with cannulae in the carotid artery, hepatic vein, hepatic portal vein and the left hepatic duct. Free amino acids in plasma and bile were determined(More)
The methionine source DL-2-hydroxy-4methylthio-butanoic acid (DL-HMB; Alimet feed supplement) is widely used in the poultry industry. The purpose of this study was to determine the capacity of the broiler liver to remove DL-HMB from the circulation. Cannulae were implanted in the carotid artery and hepatic and hepatic portal veins in anesthetized male(More)