Kimberly Ballman

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This study investigated whether recombinant human soluble Fas ligand (rh-sFasL) induces apoptosis of primary type II pneumocytes in vitro and lung injury in vivo. Type II cells isolated from normal rabbit lung expressed Fas on their surface and became apoptotic after an 18-h incubation with rh-sFasL. Fas expression in normal rabbit lungs was localized by(More)
To determine the time required to repopulate mouse lungs with donor alveolar macrophages following total body irradiation (TBI) and bone marrow transplantation (BMT), C57Bl/6 mice were subjected to TBI with 900 cGy, followed by transplantation of bone marrow cells from mice expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) in their somatic cells. The mice were(More)
Fas (CD95) is a membrane surface receptor, which, in the lungs, is expressed in macrophages, neutrophils, and epithelial cells. In mice, Fas activation leads to a form of lung injury characterized by increased alveolar permeability. We investigated whether Fas-mediated lung injury occurs primarily as a result of Fas activation in myeloid cells (such as(More)
Chemokines are a group of structurally related peptides that promote the directed migration of leukocytes in tissue. Mechanisms controlling the retention of chemokines in tissue are not well understood. In this study we present evidence that two different mechanisms control the persistence of the CXC chemokine, IL-8, in lungs and skin. (125)I-labeled IL-8(More)
BACKGROUND The Fas/FasL system is both proapoptotic and proinflammatory. FasL is inhibited by decoy receptor-3 (DcR3), a naturally occurring decoy receptor. We determined the effects of systemic blockade of the Fas/FasL system by a DcR3 analog (DcR3-a) in mice with pneumococcal pneumonia. METHODS Streptococcus pneumoniae (7.2 x 105 or 1.9 x 107 cfu/mL)(More)
CD14 is important in the clearance of bacterial pathogens from lungs. However, the mechanisms that regulate the expression of membrane CD14 (mCD14) on alveolar macrophages (AM) have not been studied in detail. This study examines the regulation of mCD14 on AM exposed to Escherichia coli in vivo and in vitro, and explores the consequences of changes in mCD14(More)
The Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) system has been implicated in alveolar epithelial cell apoptosis during pulmonary fibrosis and acute respiratory distress syndrome. However, Fas ligation can also lead to cell activation and cytokine production. The goal of this study was to determine the role of the Fas/FasL system in host defenses against Escherichia coli,(More)
FA is a genetic disorder characterized by BM failure, developmental defects, and cancer predisposition. Previous studies suggest that FA patients exhibit alterations in immunologic function. However, it is unclear whether the defects are immune cell-autonomous or secondary to leukopenia from evolving BM failure. Given the central role that macrophages have(More)
BACKGROUND Children exposed to gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during pregnancy are at increased risk of obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. Our goal was to identify metabolic and hematopoietic alterations after intrauterine exposure to maternal hyperglycemia that may contribute to the pathogenesis of chronic morbidities. METHODS Streptozotocin(More)
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