Learn More
Although the incidence of locally recurrent colorectal cancer has been reduced by improved surgical techniques and the frequent use of multimodality therapy, pelvic recurrence remains a significant problem. Radiation or chemotherapy may provide palliation but it is often short-lived. For fit candidates without evidence of extrapelvic disease, surgical(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a proangiogenic molecule produced by melanoma cells. We hypothesized that administration of bevacizumab (Bev), a monoclonal antibody that neutralizes VEGF, with low-dose interferon alfa-2b (IFN-α2b), an inhibitor of basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF), would lead to the regression of metastatic melanoma.(More)
Management of empyema after pulmonary resection remains a challenging problem. Along with mandatory drainage of the thoracic cavity and investigations to rule out bronchopleural fistula, a reliable method of thoracic cavity closure is needed. The open thoracic window and Eloesser flap techniques rarely represent definitive therapy. Muscle flap and(More)
Carcinoid and islet cell tumors are known to be highly vascular. There is no effective systemic therapy currently available for metastatic disease. We conducted a phase II trial to evaluate the efficacy of the anti-antiangiogenic agent thalidomide in metastatic neuroendocrine tumors. Eighteen patients with measurable, histologically proven metastatic(More)
Metastatic melanoma lesions often are unresectable due to their size and/or location near critical structures. These lesions represent a significant challenge for the oncologist, because radiation therapy and chemotherapy are infrequently successful in halting tumor growth. Of primary concern is the fact that these lesions are usually painful and present a(More)
BACKGROUND We previously reported that cancer-related psychological stress is associated with reduced natural killer (NK) cell lysis. We hypothesized that reduced NK cell cytotoxicity in patients with increased levels of stress would correlate with alterations in the expression of inhibitory NK cell receptors (killer immunoglobulin-like receptors, or KIRs).(More)
Transarterial chemoemobolization (TACE) is commonly used to treat metastatic carcinoid tumors; however, the management of progressive disease is less clear. We sought to determine if patients with disease progression after TACE would benefit from repeat TACE. The records of 27 patients undergoing repeat TACE for radiologic or symptomatic progression after(More)
The two major forms of lung carcinoma, small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) and non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), are clinically distinct, and are also differentiated by morphology and behavior in culture. SCLC cells have a greater metastatic potential than NSCLC cells in vivo, and exhibit a unique spherical morphology in culture due to their inability to(More)
PURPOSE Treatment with interleukin (IL)-2 (Proleukin) yields a 10% to 20% response rate in patients with metastatic melanoma or metastatic renal cell carcinoma. IL-2 is known to activate distinct signals within lymphocytes, including the Janus-activated kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathway. We examined the phosphorylation(More)