Kimberly A. Varker

Learn More
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a proangiogenic molecule produced by melanoma cells. We hypothesized that administration of bevacizumab (Bev), a monoclonal antibody that neutralizes VEGF, with low-dose interferon alfa-2b (IFN-α2b), an inhibitor of basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF), would lead to the regression of metastatic melanoma.(More)
Although the incidence of locally recurrent colorectal cancer has been reduced by improved surgical techniques and the frequent use of multimodality therapy, pelvic recurrence remains a significant problem. Radiation or chemotherapy may provide palliation but it is often short-lived. For fit candidates without evidence of extrapelvic disease, surgical(More)
Management of empyema after pulmonary resection remains a challenging problem. Along with mandatory drainage of the thoracic cavity and investigations to rule out bronchopleural fistula, a reliable method of thoracic cavity closure is needed. The open thoracic window and Eloesser flap techniques rarely represent definitive therapy. Muscle flap and(More)
Although muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChR) regulate the activity of smooth muscle myosin, the effects of mAChR activation on cytoplasmic myosin have not been characterized. We found that activation of transfected human M3 mAChR induces the phosphorylation of myosin light chains (MLC) and the formation of myosin-containing stress fibers in Chinese(More)
Activation of G protein-coupled receptors is known to stimulate cell migration, but receptor-mediated signals inhibiting cell migration have not been identified. We investigated the ability of transfected human M(3) muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChR) to regulate the migration of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Single cells migrated on colloidal(More)
Carcinoid and islet cell tumors are known to be highly vascular. There is no effective systemic therapy currently available for metastatic disease. We conducted a phase II trial to evaluate the efficacy of the anti-antiangiogenic agent thalidomide in metastatic neuroendocrine tumors. Eighteen patients with measurable, histologically proven metastatic(More)
Metastatic melanoma lesions often are unresectable due to their size and/or location near critical structures. These lesions represent a significant challenge for the oncologist, because radiation therapy and chemotherapy are infrequently successful in halting tumor growth. Of primary concern is the fact that these lesions are usually painful and present a(More)
BACKGROUND We previously reported that cancer-related psychological stress is associated with reduced natural killer (NK) cell lysis. We hypothesized that reduced NK cell cytotoxicity in patients with increased levels of stress would correlate with alterations in the expression of inhibitory NK cell receptors (killer immunoglobulin-like receptors, or KIRs).(More)
Interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) is employed in the treatment of malignant melanoma; however, it mediates regression of disease in only 10-15% of patients. Currently, its mechanism of action is uncharacterized. Low-dose IFN-alpha exerts anti-angiogenic effects when used in the treatment of life-threatening hemangiomas of infancy, suggesting anti-angiogenesis as(More)